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Lecture

CHYS 2P15 Lecture Notes - Active Minds, Schizophrenia


Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
CHYS 2P15
Professor
John Mc Namara

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CHYS 2P15 J. McNamara
Lecture Notes March 5 & 8, 2013
Term 2 Integrated
Response Paper
Due by Friday March 15 (4pm)
Hand into CHYS 2P15 Drop-box (CHYS)
Submit to turnitin.com
Course ID: 5789767
Password: CHYS2P15
Children and Youth Mental Health
Michael Marchione
Children and Youth Mental Health
Depression
Anxiety
Schizophrenia
Bipolar
Eating disorders
Etc
Children and youth mental health
One in five Ontarians under 19 has a mental health disorder
530,000 children with mental health issues
300,000 have more than one disorder
Mental health costs
Mental disorders are the 2nd highest source of direct health care costs (hospitals,
physicians, medicines) in Canada
The average cost of treating childrens mental health problems in community-based
agencies is less than $2,500 per child per year.
The cost of a pediatric hospital bed is more than $2,500 per day.
Children whose mental health problems are untreated are bullied, bully other students,
withdraw, abuse drugs & alcohol, engage in self-harming behaviours, drop out, etc.
Cost of mental health
Suicide
Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among 10-24 year olds (24% of all deaths)
Every day, 120 young people attempt suicide in Ontario; every week, on average, two
or three succeed
Canada has the 3rd worst suicide rate in the world for 15 to 19 year olds
Impact on Families
Families are often completely unprepared for mental illness
- System is well prepared to deal with things like the flu, or a cold … there is no preparation for something
like this
The path from onset to acceptance of mental health difficulties in a child can be long and
difficult.
The diagnosis impacts the whole family
Impact on Children and Youth
In Canada, only 1 out of 5 children who need mental health services receives them
The impact of undiagnosed and untreated mental illness:
Poor functioning at a critical developmental period
Children often fail to develop the social, functional and academic skills they need to
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succeed in life
Prevention
75% of 21 year olds with mental health problems had prior problems
Most report symptoms start before age 20
Average age for onset of anxiety disorders among Canadians is 12
Childhood mental illnesses compound if not treated
Become more vulnerable
By the time adulthood emerges host of other problems (alcoholism,
homelessness, etc).
Improve Early Identification
Examples:
Mental health screening at all ages: could become part of an elementary school
Warning signs (child and family): catching kids who are at risk, catching it early enough to
have a big enough impact
Training of school / public health personnel
Impact of Support
Once depression is recognized, help can make a difference for 80% of people who are
affected, allowing them to get back to their regular activities.
- Once someone has help and good help, it works
Active Minds
National organization
Promotes awareness at colleges and universities
Place for people to get involved in the community
Place to recognize that its not only individuals who are struggling with mental health that need to
be active in this organization, its also individuals who are not involved with mental health at all
Send Silence Packing: place backpacks in dedicated areas, with a story attached in it about the
person that placed the bag there … demonstrates the wide amount of people affected by this issue
1. Be Aware: we are in touch with lots of children and youth in the community and schools, and
depression/mental health is not just an issue in university and colleges, it happens at all ages
2. Have an active mind about bringing support
Michael 3rd year Concurrent Education Student
When he was 6 his parents separated; doesn‟t attribute his experiences to his
parents divorce … but of course it has taken a toll on him at some level
Started grade 2 at a brand new school because of the divorce; had to start over
Only had one parent around
Grade 1 felt that he was “popular” … at his new school it didn‟t go this way,
felt he couldn‟t connect with as many people as he had anticipated; this made him
become shy
It was a struggle to maintain true friendship; found himself always feeling sad and
upset
Children at that age are relatively happy and outgoing
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