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Lecture issue 2.docx

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
John Mc Namara

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CHYS 2P15 J. McNamara
Lecture Notes Nov 15 2013
Term paper due in 2 weeks- Friday November 29th
Both sections a and b together
Cover sheet on sakai
Submit to sakai
2 pages for each section (4 pages total)
reference if needed (lectures and readings)
no formal APA (ex. Referencing)
guidelines on sakai Vulnerable Youth
Todays topic will relate to us because we work with youth in our placement and it will
relate to us because university is a stressful time.
Who are “vulnerable youth”?
What does vulnerable mean?
Framed mostly around mental health
Mental Health Literacy
Eating disorders
“Susceptible to injury / attack”
Vulnerable people are susceptible to injury or attack (physical, or emotional injury)
Think about a risk continuum- kids go through periods where they are more
vulnerable to something then other periods where they are not vulnerable. This
depends on things such as being alone or being in a peer group ect.
Researchers have repeatedly found that certain stressors during childhood and
adolescence create challenges for healthy development into adulthood
Stress isn’t bad but repeated exposure to stressors tend to make children vulnerable
Kids don't know how to deal with stressors and there are symptoms that relate to stress
such as nausea, a cold.
If you've found a kid that's stressed how do you alleviate that stress
History of abuse
Unstable home environment
Mental health
Children and Youth Mental Health
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Eating disorders
Children and youth mental health
One in five Ontarians under 19 has a mental health disorder
this lends itself to being categorical. Disorder lends itself to “yes I have a disorder”
instead think of it as one in five kids under 19 feel a sense of disorder at some point in
their life
530,000 children with mental health issues
300,000 have more than one disorder
mental health is a systems problem not the problem of a child. Therefor it is the systems
responsibility to fix mental health disorders
Mental health costs
Mental disorders are the 2nd highest source of direct health care costs (hospitals,
physicians, medicines) in Canada
The average cost of treating childrens mental health problems in community-based
agencies is less than $2,500 per child per year.
The cost of a pediatric hospital bed is more than $2,500 per day.
Children whose mental health problems are untreated are bullied, bully other
students, withdraw, abuse drugs & alcohol, engage in self-harming behaviours, drop
out, etc.
If we can suppost someone early the outcome can be good but leaving them untreated can
lead to negative effects. This means that our focus needs to be on treatment of the
Cost of mental health
Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among 10-24 year olds (24% of all deaths)
This is an undicussed issue however we need to focus on this.
Every day, 120 young people attempt suicide in Ontario; every week, on average,
two or three succeed
Canada has the 3rd worst suicide rate in the world for 15 to 19 year olds
This is a particular issue. The most catastrophic issue related to mental heath. There is
stigma associated with suicide and mental heath that we need to break through in order to
understand and help them
Impact on Families
Families are often completely unprepared for mental illness
This is where the support needs to start (with family) but families are ill prepared to
deal with this. Families are well prepared to treat a broken bone because you take
the kid to the er, gets a cast and the bone is mended. If a child develops something
like bipolar disorder families don't know the steps to take to deal with these things.
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