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Lecture 3

CHYS 2P15 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Egocentrism

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
Dawn Zinga

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Reflecting on instruction
In this module we learned about the importance of reflection. Reflection is very beneficial to the
individual learner to deeply think about the experiences they had in their placements to make
the most of their learning. It is important to reflect on situations that occurred, how you acted in
said situation, see if it could have been handled differently, etc. This kind of reflection allows the
person to grow, and gain skills for the future.
Reflective practice is a way to think critically and apply things you have learned in the classroom
to real life in your service learning setting. The reflective practice video in our instruction for this
module, Professor Zinga discusses the importance of learning different skills and what works
best for them. When you examine your strengths and weaknesses, you deepen your learning
about yourself, and what will work best when you eventually get out into the workplace.
Professor Zinga also mentioned that it is important to maintain confidentiality while sharing your
reflections, and remembering that everyone has a different view of the world; something that
you believe may differ from someone else’s view and this should be known and respected. Your
experiences affect how you act in your setting. It is also important to be open to learning new
things from others in your placement. While in your service learning placement, you should
observe not just yourself but others as well. You can learn a lot just by viewing their actions in
the placement and the types of temperaments you will deal with in the workplace.
Concluding the instruction on reflective practice, our instruction talked about how journaling ties
together the entire process of reflection and writing down information soon after you visited your
placement is important so that you do not forget information that could play a big role in your
learning. You are missing out if you do not journal right away if you forget information or a
situation that happened at your placement.
Reflecting on Exploration Activities
Developmental Lens
The exploration activity I chose was “A.P. Psychology Child Experiment - Piaget’s Theory of
Cognitive Development.” In this video, a little boy is interviewed in order to test Piaget’s Theory
of Cognitive Development. The boy was asked to complete a series of tasks to test his level of
cognition. One test I found interesting was when the interviewer asked the child “can you see
the toys?” and the boy said yes. Then the interviewer asked “Can the toys see each other?” and
the boy said yes. The interviewer at the end explained that this example shows egocentrism.
Since the boy could see the toys, he assumed that the toys could see each other. However,
there was a barrier so the toys would not have been able to see each other. This shows that the
child has difficulty taking someone else’s point of view. It was interesting to see this theory put
into action. The interviewer did another test that was interesting to watch which was the task
with the two balls of clay. The little boy was asked if they were the same, to which he responded
“yes.” The interviewer then flattened one of the balls and asked if they were still the same, and
the little boy said no, they were not the same. This was interesting as, from an older point of
view they are obviously the same, due to the fact that there is the same amount of clay. It is
intriguing that when the ball does not look the same, the child finds it harder to understand.
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