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Lecture 4

CHYS 2P15 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Governmentality, Mental Disorder

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
Dawn Zinga

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Reflecting on instruction
This module was all about applying theory in the field. Professor Zinga talked about how in our
placements we should be looking for situations that can apply to our theory and lenses we have
learned about. She said that something as basic as the layout of a classroom can be seen from the
3 lenses. Seeing things from the perspective of the 3 lenses is just another learning tool that we
have in this course. Our journals, clios, service learning dialogues etc. all assist in deeper
learning experiences, and if we try to look at things from the 3 lenses this will also assist in a
deeper learning experience. We will get to see theory first hand, and this can help us better grasp
the concepts we have learned. I have started trying to see things from the lenses, and I will
continue to in my placement as it truly does help you see things better.
Reflecting on Exploration Activities
Developmental Lens
The exploration activity I chose was “The ‘False Belief” Test: Theory of Mind.” In this video,
researchers attempt to study how children’s social skills evolve between the ages of 3 and 4.
They complete what is called the False Belief test. A 3 year old is shown a box of crayons and
asked what they think is inside of the box. The child says crayons. The researcher opens the box
and there is actually candles inside. The researcher then asks the question from someone else’s
point of view. The child says that they think that person thinks there is candles inside of the box.
This shows Piaget’s theory of cognitive development which states that children at the age of 2-3
have difficulty seeing things from someone else’s point of view. In the video the researcher
contrasts the 2 year old’s response with a 3 year old response. The 3 year old can take on the
point of view of someone else and states that the other person would think there are crayons in
the box, but there are really candles. At 3 years old, the child’s mind takes on a different
perspective of the world and they now understand that things aren't always what they seem and
things can be deceptive. I think that this was a really cool test. It is interesting to see that in just
one year, a child’s perception of the world can drastically change.
Exceptionalities Lens
The exploration opportunity I chose for the Exceptionalities lens is “Autistic Girl Expresses
Unimaginable intelligence.” This video shows a girl named Carly who has severe autism. She
cannot speak, and convulses, hums, covers her ears, etc. however she has the ability to type
fluent sentences on a computer to communicate with her parents and therapists. This ability
allows people to take a look into the autistic brain; something that does not happen very often.
Carly’s parents finally get to know their child. Carly wrote that she has to bang her head and
convulse because it feels like her body is going to explode if she doesn’t, she takes 1000 pictures
of someone’s face when she looks at them and this is why she has trouble looking at people.
Carly said she has to hum because of sounds she hears in her head; she can drown them out with
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