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Lecture 7

CHYS 2P38 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Imagined Communities, Programme For International Student Assessment, Performativity

Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
Tom O' Neill

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Final exam information
Manifest and latent functions of education
Education and economic development
Human capital theory
Colonial education and social control
Paolo Friere’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed
Schools as a technology of governmentality
Literacy and the “liberal model of the self”
Final take-home exam – three questions will be posted, students are to answer
Watching FILM in class, one question has to do with FILM
Submitted as an attachment to sakai, 1000 words PER question (3 – 31/2 pages,
double spaced, full APA format)
Sakai “chat room” tool added for discussion of the questions
Note that will be used – papers must be individually written, so avoid
direct collaboration with others
Example question: “What is meant by performativity? (Definition, showing you
understand the term) Using at least two examples, illustrate how it differs from
other theories of socialization (Take 2 examples and discuss, then tie it together
with the third questions – how it differs) (10 marks).
Use examples from course material, don’t invent your own**
Full essay format with an introduction and conclusion
Writing counts – watch spelling, syntax, essay structure

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What is the role of schools in society?
Structural functionalist theory – school has manifest and latent functions
Manifest functions include cognitive learning, selection and allocation of skills,
cultural reproduction (Canadian citizen classes) (Schools are important to making
someone feel like member of society- watching Olympics to teach kids to be
Latent functions include custodial control of children (Idea that school is a place
where they are kept safe. Ex. Truancy Law / children have to be in school) and
employment replacement
Wells – children either in school, at work, both, or neither
Assumption that expanding school attendance key to economic development
If there is more children in schools learning, the country will develop
Wells says there is no evidence that children in school has helped the country
English, math and science scores for 15 year olds (PISA 2012)
Schools not only teach skills, but also children’s world view
Country Rank (2012)
Shanghai 1
Singapore 2
Hong Kong 3
Taipei 4
Korea 5
Macao 6
Japan 7
Canada 13
United States36
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