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Lecture 1

CHYS 3P91 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Cognitive Restructuring, Behaviorism, Stimulus Control


Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
CHYS 3P91
Professor
Tricia Vause
Lecture
1

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Section1 CHYS3P91 January13th,
2016
ApplicationsofBehaviourAnalysisandTherapy
Lecture1AntecedentControl:RulesandGoals
ClinicalCaseofAnxietyDuringaPublicPresentation
● Studentsexperiencinganxietyimmediatelybeforeacopresentation.
● Negativeselftalk:“Idon’tthinkIcandothis.I’mgoingtodoahorriblejob.I’mgoingto
makeafoolofmyself.”Whatcouldbedoneinthissituation?
○ Takedeepbreathsor(relaxationtechniques),changenegativeselftalktopositive
selftalk(e.g“Icandothis”),distractionexercises(e.g.focusonsomethingelse
likeanobject,priortodoingthepresentation),cognitiverestructuring(e.g.
“What’stheworstthingthatcanhappen?”makingsuretheirthoughtsmatch
reality[e.g.astatementlike“I’mgoingtodie”areunrealistic])
○ *Capitalizingonantecedentstimuliorexistingformsofstimuluscontrol(R+
historyofrespondingtoinstruction)*
AnExampleofPositiveSelfTalkwithKids
● Teachingkidsinaclassroomtothinkpositively,talkpositivelyabouthowtheywilldoonan
assignment,likeatest
● Yourexperiences?
○ e.g.astudentwithdepressioncomesintoclassonedayfeelingveryunhappyand
down,notdoingmuchwork,andthenteachertellinghim/herpositivethings
abouthim/her,whichultimatelyaltersthemoodandallowsthestudenttodothe
workandfeelalright
○ e.g.givingrecognitionthatatthemomenttheyarenotalright,buttheywillbe
alrightcangivethemasenseofreliefbecausetheirstruggleisbeingrecognized,
andtheyarealsobeingtoldthattheycanmanagetogetthroughit
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