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Lecture 9

CLAS 1P95 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Clytemnestra, Idmon, Cyclops

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Robert Jansen

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November 23:
Civilized cultural life
music, bow and prophecy represent Apollo
But Apollo also = destroy
Like an aristocrat, Apollo funds cultural events and art
Apollo Smintheus: Lord of Mice
Apollo sends a plague to the Greek flocks and camp
Apollo is scary because he is the son of Zeus and the fact that he is a disease god
Hellenic God:
becomes associated with beauty in art
rationality and moderation is what he wants to do, but he’s not as controlled as Athena is, more
like Artemis, a little more uncontrolled
Control over a scary face?
Lyre= culture
bow= power
Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto:
In myth (Homer) Leto and Zeus have a loving relationship
Apollo’s arrows represent the way disease seems to happen
disease hits some but not others
Where Artemis aims, Apollo just shoots
scary because he is totally callous with who he kills
Apollo Lykios (Wolf Like)
Apollo kills like a wolf would pick off sheep
Healing and Prophecy:
Apollo is also a god of healing
Paean: a song to stop disease
as a god of disease Apollo has the power to end plagues
a diagnostic or prophecy in doctors comes from Apollo
A meteorologist or an economist would be associated with Apollo’s prophecy aspect
Apollo is associated with Terpsichore, choral song and dance and Calliope, the muse of epic
A God of enlightenment and knowledge:
an aristocratic young man who channels the knowledge of Zeus and the Musus
like Athena, has his power under control most of the time. Unlike Athena, he controls his power
because he is socialized to control it, whereas Athena controls her power because she has
metis and is smart
Delos: Island where Apollo was born
Hera does not want Apollo born, Leto goes to Delos
Delos accepts Apollo because it is a desolate island anyway, so they don’t have much to lose
Delphi: Apollo’s Temple: people visit asking for advice
The PYTHIA is the priestess of the mountain
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