CLAS 1P95 Lecture 10: November 30 Lecture:
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November 30 Lecture:
Part 1: Identification, 10 0f 16, 20 marks
part 2: Myth Outlines, 2 of 4, 20 marks
Part 3: Short Thematic Essay, 1 of 2, 20 marks
Part 4: Written answers on seminar themes, 2 of 4, 20 marks,
Part 5: Thematic Essay, 1 of 2, 20 marks
ONLY MATERIAL SINCE THE MIDTERM
Marsyas: a rival to Apollo?
●Athena and the Aulos (flute)
●Athena made is but threw it away
●Marsyas, a satyr found it and liked it
●Apollo and Marsyas have a musical contest, lyre vs. flute
●King Midas thought that Marsyas played better music, the judge of the contest voted for
●Midas gets donkey ears for his punishment, since he can’t appreciate “cultured” music
○Midas likes “pop” music
●Marsyas is flayed alive- Apollo’s controlled facade cracks (because he lacks metis)
●very different from Apollo
●Hermes is a god of limits and boundaries,
○ Herm: boundary or road markers. originally a pile of pebbles- later a pillar with
phallus and head of Hermes.
● God of Travel: messengers, couriers, merchants, heralds, muggers, thieves,
highwaymen- anyone who travels and crosses boundaries as their career. Caduceus: a
staff, heralds herders.
○travelling clothes are often a symbol of Hermes: Petasos, floppy hat and
Chlamys, short cloak
○Pilgrims: protects the faithful from some of his other people (muggers and
○Shepherds: transhumance, moving flocks around different pastures.
○Merchants, muggers highwaymen: hermes is the god you pray to for any kind of
financial gain. “Deal and steal”
○Psychopompos: escorts the souls of the dead to the underworld, as a traveler her
crosses boundaries. A “liminal” god (limen= threshold). Hermes is a god who
crosses boundaries, both moral and physical.
Zeus and Maia: The Story
●Hermes mother lives in a cave
●leaves the cave and makes a lyre
●Hermes treks to take Apollo’s cattle to get his attention
●Hermes’ sacrifice, 12 portions, he craves meat but does not eat it (similar to foresight’s
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