CLAS 1P97 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Erymanthian Boar, Cithaeron, Thespius

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9 Feb 2016
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CLAS 1P97- Lecture #3
HERACLES (Glory of (from?) Hera)
Roman: HERCULES
As a youth he was also called Alcaeus.
ALCMENA (HERACLES’ MOTHER)
She is descended from both Perseus and Pelops.
*Heracles is also descended from both Perseus and Pelops.
REFER TO FAMILY TREE ON LECTURE NOTES AMphitryon- ALCMENA—
ZEUS
Amphitryon
-Marries Alcmena but accidently kills her father Electryon in a quarrel.
-Alcmena won’t sleep with him until he has cleansed himself by
avenging the death of her brothers.
Zeus arrives
-He disguises himself as Amphitryon. And later brags about this
descendant who is about to be born.
-Amphitryon comes home a few days later to a lukewarm welcome.
HERA & ZEUS
-Hera hates Zeus’ a0airs but can only punish his lovers and children.
-She asks Zeus to con1rm his brag.
Eileithyia-goddess of childbirth
Galanthis - Alcmena’s maid
=weasel (turned into a weasel; sneaking, kniving little pest)
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Aetiology= a mythical explanation
Eurystheus- King of Mycenae
-He is a grandson of Perseus so he is also descended from Zeus (and
Pelops too).
Argolid
-Eurysetheus was born prematurely and so has the kingdom (Mycenae)
that was meant for Heracles.
-Heracles is associated with Tiryns.
THEBES (Boeotia)
-Heracles is also associated with Thebes.
-Two di0erent traditions linked by the exile story.
Amphitryon Heracles’ “father”
-He knows that Heracles is not really his son, but raises him anyway.
-Alcmena has just as great a role in socializing her son.
HERACLES & IPHICLES
-Heracles has a twin brother born at the same time.
-Hera sent snakes to kill them.
HERA & HERACLES
-Milky Way myth (galaxia, gala=milk)
-Hera was tricked into suckling baby Heracles.
Baby or adult?
-That Heracles suckles from Hera’s breast to become immortal is the
same in both versions.
Death of Linus
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