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Lecture 7

COMM 1P96 Lecture 7: Lecture 7.docx

Communication Studies
Course Code
Amanda Bishop

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Lecture 7: m&s ch. 20-21
3. What structural roles do people have? News Analysis:
Classify people mentioned in the news story by gender, age, minority / majority,
ethnic identity, geographical location
Put each as a person into a narrative category: hero/ villain, obstacle / resolution,
central/ minor subjects
Eg. Suicides in Canadian military
Soldiers are both heroes and victims, DND and gov’t are villians
What are the dominant or competing discourses?
Each character / actor makes sense of the world in different ways
Events and actions are explained through different discourses p. 172: legal, moral
or medical, about sexuality, crime, war
Whose version of events seems most truthful to the viewer? This is usually the
dominant discourse
Can you place competing discourses in a hierarchy of truthfulness?
Dominant and competing discourse: News analysis:
Identify the main type of discourses and dominant discourse in both examples
How do reporters or news anchor establish credibility ad express dominant
Look for reporters by lines, interviews with experts or foreign correspondent ( eg,
economists, doctors, White House reporter, Mid – East reporter)
TV news creates legitimacy through opening shot of the news desk, graphics,
satellite feed, social media
How does editing ( print or video) emphasize certain speakers?
Who is interviewed first, for the longest time, with the most detail?
How do the anchor, reporter or key subjects use legal , moral, medical or
economic discourses ?
EXPLAIN which discourse is dominant in each story and how it contributes to
Are interviews presented that weaken a certain person or point of view?
Are there competing or emerging discourses?
Eg. Nursing home fire
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