COMM 1P96 Lecture 7: Lecture 7.docx
Course CodeCOMM 1P96
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Lecture 7: m&s ch. 20-21
3. What structural roles do people have? News Analysis:
•Classify people mentioned in the news story by gender, age, minority / majority,
ethnic identity, geographical location
•Put each as a person into a narrative category: hero/ villain, obstacle / resolution,
central/ minor subjects
•Eg. Suicides in Canadian military
•Soldiers are both heroes and victims, DND and gov’t are villians
What are the dominant or competing discourses?
•Each character / actor makes sense of the world in different ways
•Events and actions are explained through different discourses p. 172: legal, moral
or medical, about sexuality, crime, war
•Whose version of events seems most truthful to the viewer? This is usually the
•Can you place competing discourses in a hierarchy of truthfulness?
Dominant and competing discourse: News analysis:
•Identify the main type of discourses and dominant discourse in both examples
•How do reporters or news anchor establish credibility ad express dominant
•Look for reporters by lines, interviews with experts or foreign correspondent ( eg,
economists, doctors, White House reporter, Mid – East reporter)
•TV news creates legitimacy through opening shot of the news desk, graphics,
satellite feed, social media
•How does editing ( print or video) emphasize certain speakers?
•Who is interviewed first, for the longest time, with the most detail?
•How do the anchor, reporter or key subjects use legal , moral, medical or
economic discourses ?
•EXPLAIN which discourse is dominant in each story and how it contributes to
meaning (THESIS STATEMENT)
•Are interviews presented that weaken a certain person or point of view?
•Are there competing or emerging discourses?
•Eg. Nursing home fire
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