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Lecture 3

COMM 1P96 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Triangle Of Reference, Linguistics, Nonverbal Communication

Communication Studies
Course Code
Amanda Bishop

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Lecture Three: Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication – January 19th,
- Verbal communication is both spoken and written, anything that
uses words
- Speech patterns can sometimes leave people feeling excluded
- Diction: The words you choose to use in a speci*c situation
Language is Symbolic
- Language is a collection of symbols governed by rules and used
to convey (in text book; chapter three)
- Denotation: Primary meaning of a word
- Connotation: The meaning that we assign to a word based on
any number of things
- There is no way a denotation can be negative or positive
- A connotation can be assigned a negative or positive meaning
Meanings are in People, Not Words
- The semantic triangle (the triangle of meaning) (look in textbook)
- The meanings of words are social constructs
- This means the same word might mean di3erent things to
di3erent people
- Have to agree on the meanings of words, and the way they can
be used
Language is governed by Rules
- Phonological Rules
Look in book
- Syntactic Rules
The way the words are arranged in the sentence
- Semantic Rules
Di3erent words mean di3erent things to di3erent people
Page 89 in textbook, examples
- Pragmatic Rules
Practical in a given situation
Realistic situations other than theoretic ones
Language Shapes Attitudes
- Naming: what we call something has a lot to do with our
attitudes about them
- Credibility
- Status: People make assumptions about you because of the
language you use
- Sexism and Racism: our language use shapes our attitudes about
these things, they way we approach language about consent
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