COMM 2P20 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Jacques Lacan, Laura Mulvey, Mirror Stage

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Lecture Summary
Week 5 - Analyse This: Psychoanalysis & Popular Culture
1. Announcements, including info on international exchanges
2. Lecture on Psychoanalysis & Popular Culture
2a) Introduction to Sigmund Freud
Freud argues that the creation of civilization has resulted in the repression of basic human instincts
(Storey, 93)
Freud and levels of consciousness - conscious, preconscious and unconscious (or subconscious) mind
Freud's deconstruction of the psyche - id, super-ego and ego
The iceberg of the mind and Homer Simpson
Repression and dreams
Freud and sexual imagery
The Oedipus complex
How does this relate to popular culture? Author-centred and reader-centred approaches
2b) Jacques Lacan
Lacan and Freud
Lacan and "lack" (incompleteness)
Lacan's stages of development (esp. "the Real" and "the mirror stage")
Lacan and popular culture
2c) Laura Mulvey and "the Male Gaze"
Brief intro - more next week
2d) Slavoj Zizek
Zizek as "public intellectual"
Zizek and reality/fantasy
3) Analysing Survivor and reality TV
Reality TV and psychoanalysis
Tony Tremblay's analysis of Survivor
combines psychoanalysis and Marxist analysis of ideology
asks two key questions:
o why are so-called reality shows such as Survivor so popular?
o In what ways do these shows pleasurably accommodate us (what needs or desires do
they fulfil)?
develops a formula for the popularity of reality TV consisting of 5 codes (you had to be there)
[Questions on next page]
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