The Mechanization of Schooling
Readings available on Sakai under 'Winter Readings'
Efficiency, Scientific Management and Industry
Central issue in the chapter:
Influence of industrialism, business, engineering, etc on society
Can efficiency models used in factories and industry be brought into education
What happens if they are? To students, teachers, learning and society?
How and why did it happen in the 20th century?
Aka "Scientific management"
Based on time and motion studies by engineers
The impact of the advent of mass production on education
Break a process into distinct tasks
Contributed greatly to economic growth
Seen as a great success
Henry Ford: Invented the assembly line
Based on Taylorism
1 person does 1 task
The rise of Industrialism: "the application of mechanical power the production of
What's Controversial About it?
It seems to make sense, to be common sense
Who would promote inefficiency?
Not a form of empowerment, but of dehumanization
Making work boring and repetitive, and therefore unrewarding
Workers become interchangeable- "A cog in the machine"
"De-skilling" & specialization: You could easily be replaced, and that you had no
sense of the larger project. You were not a craftsmen. You become a machine, a
Because they were overspecialized, only knew their specific function within a
system, not the whole process
"Deprives workers of control over the workplace, over their tools, over their
Mechanization of Human Beings
Human beings become lost in the gears
Human beings become like machines, or just extensions of machines
We have to think like and act like machines in order to survive in modern society
The "mechanization of human