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Lecture 4

EDUC Week 4 Lecture Notes.docx

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Trevor Norris

EDUC 1F95 Lecture 4, January 29 , 2014 Ethics: Does Education Make us ‘Good’? Education and Ethics: • Does education make us good? • The more you learn the better a person you are? • The longer you’re in school the better a person you are? • Education contributes to moral development. • Almost every educational theorist said education would make us morally better. o Just in different ways. WhatAbout You? • Are you a good person? o How do you know? • How do you make decisions about ethical issues? • What do you think is important to consider when making ethical decisions? • How important are ethics in today’s society? Education and Ethics: • Many attempts to make education morally beneficial: o Moral education. o Character education. • Aim: to address moral decline in society. Piaget and Kohlberg: • Educational psychologists. o Developmental psychologists. • Theorists of stages of development. What are Stages? • Children move through stages that are: o Distinct. o Predictable. o Coherent. o Indicate improvement. • Move towards a higher ideal. • Each stage is more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than the last. o Ahigher stage is ‘better’than the last. • Higher stages allow people to handle more complex problems. • The aims of education: development through the stages. Characteristics of the Stages: • Aqualitative difference. o The stages are different from each other. • Structural whole. o People are at the same stage regardless of the dilemma. • Invariant sequence. o People don’t go backwards. • Hierarchical integration. o Each stage builds on the prior. • Universal sequence. o It fits for every culture, time period, etc. Piaget: • How human intelligence develops. • How humans acquire, create and use new knowledge. • Cognitive development: a progressive reorganization of mental processes as a result of biological maturation and environmental experience. Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development: 1. Sensorimotor: a. Very physical, movement. 2. Preoperational: a. Representing the world with images and word
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