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Lecture 6

Lecture 6

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Neta Gordon

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Wednesday, September 28th 2011
ENGL 1F95 : Lecture 6
Pick your poem for essay by monday:
Frost, “Range-Finding” (Norton 1067);
Rossetti, “In an Artist’s Studio” (Norton 1070);
Millay, “What lips my lips have kissed” (Norton 1071);
Harwood, “In the Park” (Norton 1072);
Gilbert, “Sonnet: The Ladies’ Home Journal” (Norton 1074);
McKay, “The White House” (Norton 1275)
Metaphors and similes depend on the comparison of two terms.
-the subject of the figure (i.e., the thing the writer is trying to describe) is referred to as
the tenor.
-The comparative term (i.e. the word or words actually used in the description), is
referred to as the vehicle.
-It is important to remember that, although more description in the text may be devoted
to the vehicle, one must figure out the tenor of the figure in order to determine what the
section of the text is “about.
-A complete analysis of any metaphor or simile will depend on determining the ground
between the tenor and vehicle (i.e. what the two terms have in common.)
-A critical analysis will depend on determining why the writer choose to refer to a
particular subject via comparison (i.e. what does the use of the vehicle add to out
understanding of the tenor, and why is this interesting?)
More Literary Terms
Lyric poem: any fairly short poem utter in the first-person, using “I” (the conventional
Petrarchan sonnet is a subgenre of the lyric.)
Narrative: a written story, involving events and characters
Characterization: establishing the distinctive qualities of a person within a narrative,
either by showing or telling
Tone: the particular attitude displayed in the text toward the subject or subjects under
Theme: an idea or concept that is expressed in a text (remember that “theme” is not the
same thing as “topic”)
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