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January 11th, 2012
Issue of point of view:
There is always a separation between voice or persona and the authorial voice or
tone of the text. When considering who is speaking, its important to consider why
the author chooses to voice his or her story via a particular persona. It allows the
literary critic to sort through the issue of tone.
Talking about something that can be read through the text but is coming from
outside the text.
Persona of Grace: her attitude towards education is that she wants her children to
believe in a specific God. She believes the teaching of the Catholic Church is
unquestionable, absolute and if you don’t subscribe to those teachings you will go to
Tone: person behind the story. This figure may or may not have a conflicting
attitude towards the persona. Wants to pick out how Grace’s view is problematic.
Tip: picture a narrator in your mind, and this will make it easier to distinguish
between the author and the persona/point of view.
Wide Sargasso Sea: point of view is always first person. It shifts between the
perspective of Antoinette and of the unnamed male who is her husband (Rochester).
“So it was all over, the advance and the retreat…”. You know the narrator shifts
“we were under the tree” …. In the next sentence the reader is confused of the shift.
Also in this novel are different kinds of voices (narrating voice that shifts). Included
in the novel are Daniel COSWAY’s letter and Grace Poole’s speech to an unnamed
listener. The Letter disturbs Antoinette’s husband because it states the family is
crazy and that she is going to go crazy as well. She has been either married or
engaged, he feels like a fool. He is black mailed.
Charlotte Bronte’s view on the woman in the attic: Antoinette Cosway is mad and
she lives her life in a dream.
Irritated, confused, frustrated, because we already know Rochester’s story and want
to hear Antoinette’s story. Why would the author want to do this? If everything
made sense, we wouldn’t have looked between the lines and discovered. It allowed
us to see more then one side of the story. We didn’t get much of Rochester’s
perspective in Jane Eyre so now we are getting it in Wide Sargasso Sea. Allows us to
understand why he locked his wife in the attic, rather then despise him for doing it
while reading Jane Eyre. Author wants us to struggle to find the truth. Shows
Rochester was just as crazy as Antoinette.
When dealing with prose, who is speaking. Also who are they speaking to when
construction their voice? Study of these issues is called discourse analysis, which
concerns itself with the interactions of speakers, writers or auditors, or readers.