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Lecture 7

Travel Literature - Lecture Seven.docx

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Gale Coskan- Johnson

ENGL 2P13 1 28 February 2013 Genre Studies – Travel Literature: Lecture Seven Essay Info  No longer than ten pages; 3200 words  Due on March 28 th Self-Reflexivity  Stanley and Wise (1993) argue that self-reflexivity recognizes that, whether we like it or not, researchers remain human beings complete with all the usual assembly of feelings, failings, and moods  All of those things influence how we feel and understand what is going on  Our consciousness is always the medium through which the research occurs; there is no method or technique of doing research other than through the medium of the researcher  Cope (2002) suggests that if the production of knowledge is an active process involving differently situated actors, we would expect that people’s experiences, identities, and social locations will influence what they count as knowledge and how they participate in its production and legitimization Kingsley and Bird: Women Travel Writers What brings our two travellers together?  Gender  Race  Nationality  Profession  Age  Onset of poor health upon returning “home”  Both generally travelled alone  Tendency toward self-deprecation  The British Empire What separates them?  Geography: Africa versus America  Class: daughter of a minister versus a daughter born four days after wedding  Education: Bird was educated primarily by her mother while Kingsley educated herself  Kingsley has a more complex, critical relationship to the Empire Scene of Writing – Bird  Daughter of a Minister  Sick all of her life; the sea voyage was recommended and she began to travel for her health  Continued to travel widely, write and publish (Australia, Japan, etc.) Scene of Writing – Kingsley  Self-educated  Father was an “explorer” and her mother was a servant  Caregiver to her parents until the age of thirty  Lived a rather isolated life  Traveled as a scientist (provided specimens to the London Museum)  Became a professional writer and speaker On Clothing and the Cult of Womanhood…  Trousers versus the black dress (Bird and Kingsley)  Kingsley did not want to be depicted as an intrepid woman explorer  See quote about Bird’s “Hawaiian riding dress”  Admits to wearing pants but feels the need to explain that they are a “serviceable and feminine costume” and are not masculine  Kingsley would have rather “perished on a scaffold” than wear trousers Isabella Bird  Play between mundane scenes of humanity and the sublime of nature  Admiring the physical beauty with romantic language and then contrasts this image by describing the ugliness of Sacramento  Performing the self – who is Isabella in her text? What sort of ethos does she construct?  Englishness  Horses illustrate her independence  The “perfect guy” (18)  The need to identify and compare civilization and vulgarity  The vulgar American versus the lady-like Englishwoman  Hierarchies: countryside/humanity, civilization/vu
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