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Lecture 8

Travel Literature - Lecture Eight.docx

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Gale Coskan- Johnson

ENGL 2P13 1 7 March 2013 Genre Studies – Travel Literature: Lecture Eight Taking Apart the Book and the Lamp A Story of Inquiry  Derek Gregory  Scholar in human geography; interested in the ways people use space  Read Foucault and Said; interested in the ways that people construct the world through language th  Interested in 19 century European travel writers  Want to write about travel, space, movement, and the British empire  Notice that many travel writers have travelled on the Nile and written about it  Both Flaubert and Nightingale travelled on the Nile around 1850 and wrote letters about it  They were both bourgeois Europeans  But one was French and one was English, one was male one was female A Guiding Question Given their similar assumptions as 19 century, bourgeois Europeans, to what extent did Flaubert and Nightingale’s differences in terms of gender and nationality mark the ways that their letters written home to Europe constructed the spaces through which they moved through Egypt? A Research Plan  Read and annotate the letters; look for patterns, tensions, repetition, contradictions, etc.  Juxtapose the two texts; look for similarities and differences across the two works  Read secondary sources related to the two travellers  Read secondary sources about 19 century travel writers in Egypt, in general  Work out your own scholarly position  Once you have begun reading the text, transform the question into a working thesis statement  At every step, return to the working thesis and consider the ways in which it might be revised based on what you have found  Research tends to be a recursive process rather than a linear one “As one might expect, given their ages, bourgeois origins and the cultural baggage of nineteenth-century Europe inevitably carried with them, they shared a number of assumptions and responses. But there were also significant differences between them – one a woman, one a man; one British, one French – that marked their constructions in other, equally salient ways. I hope that my emphasis on the physicality of their journey helps to foreground their different subject positions and the different degrees of freedom that framed their actions. In particular, there were experiences open to Flaubert, which, by virtue of her gender, were denied to Nightingale. This bears directly on the intersections of orientalism with other discursive formations, on those critical terrains in which, as Lowe says, ‘race,’ gender and sexuality reinforce, crosscut or construct one another.” The “Shape” of this Article Title: Imaginative Geographies Introduction: Nightingale (imagining geography) Flaubert (imagining geography) Conclusion: The European construction of imaginative geographies What does Gregory do in his introduction?  Puts theoretical sources into conversation  Foucault to Said to Lowe  Situates his own position against that context  Introduces his objects of analysis  Flaubert and Nightingale  Purpose statement and map Nightingale in Grego
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