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Lecture 7

ENGL 2Q99 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Marilyn Frye, Double Bind, Antonio GramsciPremium

2 pages125 viewsWinter 2017

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Sharlene Cranston

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ENGL/WGST 2Q99 Lecture 7
“Oppression” Marilyn Frye
•“The root of the word ‘oppression’ is the element ‘press’. The press of the
crowd; pressed into military service; to press a pair of pants; printing press; press
the button. Presses are used to mold things or flatten them or reduced them in
bulk, sometimes to reduce them by squeezing out the gasses or liquids in them.
Something pressed is something caught between or among forces and barriers
which are so related to each other that jointly they restrain, restrict or prevent
the thing’s motion or mobility. Mold. Immobilize. Reduce” (14)
Double Bind
•“One of the most characteristic and ubiquitous features of the world as
experienced by oppressed people is the double bind situations in which options
are reduced to a very few and all of them expose one to penalty, censure or
deprivation” (14)
Stakes of refusal to comply/coercive forces
Non-compliance means that one is labelled “mean, bitter, angry or
dangerous. This means, at the least, that we may be found ‘difficult’ or
unpleasant to work with, which is enough to cost one one’s livelihood; at worst
being seen as mean, bitter, angry or dangerous has been known to result in
rape, arrest, beating and murder. One can only choose to risk one’s preferred
form and rate of annihilation” (14, emphasis mine)
•“The experience of oppressed people is that the living of one’s life is confined
and shaped by forces and barriers which are not accidental or occasional and
hence avoidable, but are systematically related to each other in such a way as
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