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Lecture 7

ENGL 2Q99 Lecture 7: ENGL2Q99 fRYE oPPRESSION LECTURE 7
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2 Pages
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Winter 2017

Department
English
Course Code
ENGL 2Q99
Professor
Sharlene Cranston
Lecture
7

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ENGL/WGST 2Q99 Lecture 7
“Oppression” Marilyn Frye
Oppression
•“The root of the word ‘oppression’ is the element ‘press’. The press of the
crowd; pressed into military service; to press a pair of pants; printing press; press
the button. Presses are used to mold things or flatten them or reduced them in
bulk, sometimes to reduce them by squeezing out the gasses or liquids in them.
Something pressed is something caught between or among forces and barriers
which are so related to each other that jointly they restrain, restrict or prevent
the thing’s motion or mobility. Mold. Immobilize. Reduce” (14)
Double Bind
•“One of the most characteristic and ubiquitous features of the world as
experienced by oppressed people is the double bind situations in which options
are reduced to a very few and all of them expose one to penalty, censure or
deprivation” (14)
Examples?
http://stoptellingwomentosmile.com/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pN-py8zojfk&t=173s
Stakes of refusal to comply/coercive forces
Non-compliance means that one is labelled “mean, bitter, angry or
dangerous. This means, at the least, that we may be found ‘difficult’ or
unpleasant to work with, which is enough to cost one one’s livelihood; at worst
being seen as mean, bitter, angry or dangerous has been known to result in
rape, arrest, beating and murder. One can only choose to risk one’s preferred
form and rate of annihilation” (14, emphasis mine)
Cages
•“The experience of oppressed people is that the living of one’s life is confined
and shaped by forces and barriers which are not accidental or occasional and
hence avoidable, but are systematically related to each other in such a way as
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Description
ENGL/WGST 2Q99 Lecture 7 “Oppression” Marilyn Frye Oppression •“The root of the word ‘oppression’ is the element ‘press’. The press of the crowd; pressed into military service; to press a pair of pants; printing press; press the button. Presses are used to mold things or flatten them or reduced them in bulk, sometimes to reduce them by squeezing out the gasses or liquids in them. Something pressed is something caught between or among forces and barriers which are so related to each other that jointly they restrain, restrict or prevent the thing’s motion or mobility. Mold. Immobilize. Reduce” (14) Double Bind •“One of the most characteristic and ubiquitous features of the world as experienced by oppressed people is the double bind situations in which options are reduced to a very few and all of them expose one to penalty, censure or deprivation” (14) •Examples? •http://stoptellingwomentosmile.com/ •https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pN-py8zojfk&t=173s Stakes of refusal to comply/coercive forces •Non-compliance means that one is labelled “mean, bitter, angry or dangerous. This means, at the least, that we may be found ‘difficult’ or unpleasant to work with, which is enough to cost one one’s livelihood; at worst being seen as mean, bitter, angry or dangerous has been known to result in rape, arrest, beating and murder. One can only choose to risk one’s preferred form and rate of annihilation” (14, emphasis mine) Cages •“The experience of oppressed people is that the living of one’s life is confined and shaped by forces and barriers which are not accidental or occasional and hence avoidable, but are systematically related to each other in such a way asto catch one between and among them and restrict or penalize motion in any
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