Charlemagne, the Carolingian Empire, and the Birth of Europe (Lecture 3)

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Published on 3 Oct 2011
School
Brock University
Department
History
Course
HIST 1F90
Thursday, September 22nd 2011
HIST 1F90: Charlemagne, the Carolingian Empire, and the
Birth of Europe
The Frankish Success Story
- The Franks
-Clovis converted to Orthodox Christianity
- Clovis, c. 482-511
- The Conversion of Clovis
-The significance of Clovis
-
-Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire
-Charlemagne: father or Grandfather of Europe?
Christmas Day A.D 800 Old St Peter’s, Rome
-kneels to pray and the pope, crowns him Roman Emperor
After Clovis
-Merovingian Dynasty
-“Do Nothing Kings”?
-Einhard’s Life of Charlemagne (830s)
-Modern views of the Merovingians
The Rise of the Carolingians: A Medieval Coup d’Etat
-“Mayors of the Palace”
-Charles Martel d. 741
-751 deposition of last Merovingian
-Pippin III (father of Charlemagne) & Childeric III (last Merovingian ruler)
-754 anointed by pope
-Unprecedented papal involvement in kingmaking
-Pippin takes kingmanship and power from Childeric
The papacy: man in the middle
-Bishops of Rome in Late Antiquity
-Gregory I the Great (590-604)
-The papacy and the eastern Roman empire
-Iconoclasm controversy: a movement attacking the veneration of images
-The papacy and the Lombards in Italy
-The papacy in need of a protector
-Papal-Frankish contacts 750s
Charlemagne, 768-814
-Charles the Great = Karolus Magnus = Charlemagne
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Document Summary

Hist 1f90: charlemagne, the carolingian empire, and the. Christmas day a. d 800 old st peter"s, rome. Kneels to pray and the pope, crowns him roman emperor. The rise of the carolingians: a medieval coup d"etat. Pippin iii (father of charlemagne) & childeric iii (last merovingian ruler) Pippin takes kingmanship and power from childeric. The papacy and the eastern roman empire. The papacy and the lombards in italy. The papacy in need of a protector. Iconoclasm controversy: a movement attacking the veneration of images. Charles the great = karolus magnus = charlemagne. 768-771 joint rule with his brother carloman. Consolidation and expansion of the frankish kingdom. Charles the war leader and the frankish army. 46 year reign- 53 military campaigns - 30 led in person. The saxon wars: 772=804; ferocity and savagery (4500 prisoners beheaded in one day 782) The spanish march: defeat at roncesvalles 778: count roland: the song of.