Class Notes (810,488)
Canada (494,139)
Brock University (11,932)
History (295)
HIST 1F90 (58)


4 Pages
Unlock Document

Brock University
Andrew Mc Donald

September 22 Christmas Day A.D. 800 Old St. Peter’s Rome – The Frankish King Charlemagne is in Rome attending mass in St. Peter’s ○ As he kneels down to participate, the Pope produces a crown which is placed on his head  Proclaimed as emperor Charles Augustus Questions: – Who is Charles? – Why is he important? – Why did the Pope name him as a king? What does this mean? Charlemagne, the Carolingian Empire and the Birth of Europe – The Frankish success story – Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire – Charlemagne: Father or Grandfather of Europe? Charlemagne “No figure from the middle ages has impressed himself more powerfully and enduringly upon the consciousness of posterity than Charlemagne. All but a legend in his own lifetime, when he was ‘Charles the Great’ . . . he became one literally within decades of his death . . . nowadays, Germans and Frenchmen alike regard him as a father of their countries; at the same time a prize for services to European unity is named after him . . .” – P. D. King, Charlemagne (1986) *France comes to Rome and takes over to make it part of France The Frankish Success Story – The Franks ○ The stronger group of the Germanic people – Clovis, c. 482 – 511 ○ Attempted to uphold Roman ideals – The conversion of Clovis ○ Converted to the right brand of Christianity – Orthodox Christianity  This lead to more power lead through the church  Which gave Clovis and the Franks an upper hand then the other Germanic people that converted to the other sects of Christinaity – The significance of Clovis ○ He is a reminder of Constantine After Clovis – Merovingian Dynasty ○ Divided amounts Clovis’ sons – ‘Do Nothing Kings’? – Einhard’s Life of Charlemagne (830s) ○ They didn’t do anything, just lived their life decedantly until another family removed them from power – Modern views of Merovingians ○ This isn’t a very fair view because Einhard wrote as a way to justify why the family removed the power of the Merovingians The Rise of the Carolingians: A medieval Coup d’Etat – “Mayors of the Palace” ○ Nobel men that were given responsibilities of powers by the Merovingians but eventually take over most control over the Kingdom – Charles Martel d. 741 ○ Writes a letter to the Pope to explain that it’s not fair that the Mayors of the Place has all the power but the Merovingians have the title as king ○ Demands a new king – 751 deposition of last Merovingian ○ Pippin III (father of Charlemagne) and Childeric III (last Merovingian ruler)  Pippin takes over control and embarrasses Childeric by cutting his hair and sending him to the monastary ○ 754 anointed by Pope ○ Unprecedented papal involvement in kingmaking  The papacy has never been involved in political matters such as this The papacy: man in the middle – Bishops of Rome in Late Antiquity – Gregory I the Great (590 – 604) ○ Papacy emerges into a leadership role and he becomes an image as the head of Rome ○ The Papacy took many roles of the government: taking care of the war . . . etc. – The papacy and the eastern Roman empire ○ Iconoclasm controversy: a movement attacking the veneration of images – The papacy and the Lombards in Italy – The papacy in need of a protector ○ Papal – Frankish contacts 750s  Frankish people were become a predominate powerhouse during this time ○ The Pope needs help from somebody to protect them from Eastern Rome and the Lombards Charlemagne, 768 – 814 – Charles the Great = Karolus Magnus = Charlemagne ○
More Less

Related notes for HIST 1F90

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.