Reform and Resistance
Monday, October 1, 2012
1. Learning from the Barbarians
2. Meiji Restorations
3. Boxer Rising
Commodore Matthew Perry
Mutsuhito (r. 1867-1912 aka Meiji Emperor)
Learning from the Barbarians
Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905
February 4 1904, Port Arthur (Manchuria) was not expecting attack.
Russian fleet assembled to attack. Japanese attacked with torpedoes first.
Naval war- Japan held upper hand during the entire war.
Land- Japan never met Russia in decisive battle because the Russians kept
Russian attempts to avoid Japanese were hopeless. Within a year both Korea
and southern Manchuria were in Japanese hands.
This war was the first time in which a non-European power defeated a
European power. Most dramatic example of the ability to learn from Western
Japan became a world adversary.
Modern warfare became more advanced.
During the 19 century the world realized in order to combat Europeans
they must learn from them. “Learning from the Barbarians”. Idea that you
must learn from you enemies in order to resist them. The Russo-Japanese
war in 1905 was an example of this.
Japan first met Europeans in 16 century for trading purposes. Japan
eventually closed itself off to the outside world, expect for a small trading
post they maintained with the Dutch (who weren’t interested in influencing the Japanese). Foreigners actually risked death if they chose to enter
Real political power in Japan was held by Shogun, who managed to keep
By mid-19 century Europeans (including North Ameri