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Brock University
David Boyk

Stalin Monday, November 5 , 2012 HIST 1F95 Outline: 1. From Gori to the Kremlin 2. Planning Utopia 3. The Great Terror Key Terms: Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvil -Soso –Koba General Secretary Lenin’s Testament Leningrad Politburo Left Opposition (Trotskii, Zinoviev, Kamenev) Right Deviation (Nikolai Bukharin) collectivization kulak First Five Year Plan (1928-1932) Shakhty Affair Show Trial Arthur Koestler- Darkness at Noon Joseph Stalin (r. late 1920’s-1953) From Gori to the Kremlin Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvil was born in Gori, republic of Georgia to semi-literate surfs. Mountainous region- the people were not trusting, quick to seek revenge. Grew up with the nicknames “Soso”. He had a difficult childhood. His father was an abusive alcoholic, but his mother was strong-willed and devout. She thought her son should become a priest (one of the few ways to advance oneself). However, he hated the strictness of the priesthood. He began to associate with radicals. He became interested in Bolsheviks and started to associate with them. Took the nickname “Koba”. Robbed a bank in order to get money for the Bolshevik party. Changed his name to the Soviet-sounding “Joseph Stalin” by 1920- Stalin from the word “steel” to become a “man of steel”. 1923 in the summer, Stalin and two other political men were having a conversation where Stalin spoke of revenge and his love of it. Planning Utopia 1912, Lenin asked Stalin to write a book about nationalism. Like Hitler and Bonaparte, Stalin was not born in the country he grew to rule. Stalin became a very active activist. Stalin was anti-Semitic. He repetitively escaped exile. Like most Bolsheviks, Stalin didn’t support Lenin’s idea to seize power. However, he still grew very loyal to Lenin. Lenin appointed Stalin to a position where he could act as an ambassador to the people. Later, in 1922, Lenin promoted Stalin to General Secretary of the Bolshevik party. Stalin used the position to his advantage and elected people who supported him. By 1924, 2/3 of people owed
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