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The Fall of the Romanov Dynasty (2).docx

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Brock University
David Boyk

The Fall of the Romanov Dynasty Monday, October 15 , 2012 HIST 1F95 Outline: 1. Nicholas II 2. Reform 3. Revolution Key Terms: “The Twelve” by Aleksandr Blok Romanov Tercentenary Alexandra Fedorova Sergei Witte proletariat October Manifesto Duma serfdom Peter Stolypin Peter Durnovo St. Petersburg- Petrograd Boris Stümer Mogilev Nicholas II In 1913 Romanov Dynasty celebrated 300 anniversary. The empire grew large and strong. However, the empire was still quite medieval and outdated. Everything was “backwards”. Largest nation with biggest army, under the rule of Nicholas II (r. 1894-1917). Nicholas II came to throne in 1894 upon the death of his father. He was unsuited to be emperor of a failing empire. He was a man of simple pleasures; not particularly interested in the world around him. Most agree Nicholas II was an honest and decent man. He was faithful to his wife, and respected his family. Considered the Russian empire to be a family heirloom and his goal was to pass the empire down to his son. He thought that his people loved him. Nicholas II was very indecisive because he never wanted to upset anyone. His advisors began to decline in quality as his reign went on. His wife, empress Alexandra Fedorova was a German princess. She encouraged him to be a firm/strong ruler. Reform Sergei Witte was a political force who dominated the government at the beginning of Nicholas II’s rule. Looked to Germany as a model for governmental success. During the first years of Nicholas II’s reign, Russia experienced the largest growth rate ever (8% per annum). Proletariat- peasants moving to many cities to get better lives. Out of the entire population, there weren’t many workers (3 million out of 170 million= 2%). Fewer than 2% of Nicholas II’s citizens were workers. St. Petersburg/Moscow was the base for workers, as well as the center for the government. Workers began to become more literate and they became more involved in the government. Russo-Japanese war was a humiliation for Russia. Pressure for change in government grew leading to revolu
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