HIST 1F96 Lecture Notes - Puritans
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Three Worlds before Collision:
Europe and Africa
1. Medieval Europe and “Black Death”
2. 15th Century and the Development of Nation States
3. Protestant Reformation: Puritans
4. English Society
5. French Society
6. Spain and the Reconquest
8. The How And Why of Exploration
Medieval Europe and “Black Death”
Black Death moves through Europe (1347 – 1352):
•Bubonic plague wipes out about a 1/3 of the population of Europe.
○A bacterial infection spread from rats to people via the fleas.
○Bubonic stands for the bubous or the pus filled bloody nodes.
○Treatment for this was to drain a litre of blood.
○The disease was caused by Jupiter, Saturn and Mars aligning.
•Physicians told patients to: flee quickly, go far, and come back slowly.
•Seen as punishment from god.
•Jews were accused of punishing Christian wells.
•Quarantine comes from the Italian word 40 days.
○Ships stayed off shore of Italy for forty days if there was plague on
•All societies cope.
Protestant Reformation: Puritans
•Only one Catholic Church in Europe, run by the pope
•Church very corrupt
○Could be freed of sins for a donation
•Luther attacks the church
○Told they could access God by reading the bible
○Printed bibles, translated it from Latin to German
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