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Lecture 2

HIST Week 2 Lecture Notes.docx

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Tami Friedman

HIST Week 2 January 14, 2014 Slavery and Race in the Nineteenth Century *Assignment 1 = 3-5 pgs. Not 6-8* Slavery in review The evolution of slave systems in theAmericas Surviving slavery The slave experience Toward emancipation The continuing significance of race Review: • An economic system - source of wealth for slave owners • Alabour system - slaves not only property, but forced labour • Aracial system - slavery ultimately rested on violence • Was an "absolutely central economic institution" • Association with all black people was slavery although not all black people in America were slaves. The evolution of slave systems in theAmericas - Gradual Erosion: The U.S. North • Spirit of liberty. Critical mass of people fighting for independence effected slaves (slaves chanting "liberty" in North Carolina) • Military service. Civil war - South would not enlist blacks. British did.About 1000 slaves fled to British lines (30 belonged to Thomas Jefferson) 20,000 blacks fled US. • Slavery was not essential to the Northern economy. Didn't rely on slavery. - Gradual Erosion: Canada • Black loyalists • British policy - 1807 Britain abolished slavery. - Gradual Erosion: LatinAmerica • Haitian support - Bolivar • Military services • British pressure • Profitability - more profitable to free slaves. Rebellions were costly • Reparations - slave owners were compensated for value of their slaves Persistence / Expansion : The US South • Natural reproduction - Slaves reproduced, no need to import slaves • Expansion of slave trade - Over 20 years. • Expansion of cotton production -The Deep South - required large labour force. Moved slaves farther South (internal slave trade) Persistence / Expansion: Cuba and Brazil • Expanded sugar production - No more competition from Haiti (Haitian revolution) • Illegal slave trade - Spain abolished slavery in 1886. Coffee production required large labour force. British would only trade if slavery was abolished. Didn't listen. • Both violate the ban of slave trade. 1) unbalanced sex ratio 2) slaves had short life spans. Owners preferred young men to women. Surviving Slavery Survival Strategies: The U.S • Rebellion - (Denmark Vesey, South Carolina, 1822) (Nat Turner, Virginia, 1831) Resulted in very strict laws against black people to prevent rebellion. • Running Away - Not done often. Mostly male. Became more dangerous after fugitive slave law was passed (can bring runaways back to slavery even after they make it to Northern states) • Interfering with work - Breaking tools, faking sick. • Causing harm - poisoning food, abusing livestock. Preserving family life / reproductive freedom • Children raised by mother. Increased the master's wealth - sold child slaves. • Some women had abortions, killed their children, used protection - was a crime. Penalty for this crime was death. Preserving cultural Identity • Not as much dir
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