HIST 1F96 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Manifest Destiny, Monroe Doctrine, Western Settlement
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HIST 1F96 Lecture
January 21 st
Last week recap: Slavery and Race in the 19th Century
•Dependence on historical context and population and economic context makes up
•Abolishment of slavery.
•White American views vs. White European views.
Territorial Expansion and Indigenous Resistance:
•Expanding territorial boundaries.
•Expansionism: a nationalist project.
•Native-newcomer conflict in the 19th century:
•Indigenous adaptation and resistance.
•In conflict with national expansion:
oWeakened other peoples (ex, Indigenous) culture.
War and Expansion:
In the United States:
•Seven Years War:
oBritish declared Indigenous land west of the Appalachian Mountains could not be
oIroquois sided with the British.
oPopulation growth moved west into Indigenous land.
oThe Louisiana Purchas was bought from the French, which doubled the size of
land in the United States.
•War of 1812:
oPromoted by American expansionists who wanted to take over part of the
oBritain promised land back to the Indigenous people.
oArgued that no one won, but the Indigenous lost.
o4.9 million Americans moved west, many were slaveholders.
•United States-Mexico War (1846-1848):
oIn 1821 Mexico became an independent nation with a very low population.
oThe war was triggered by American slaveholders.
oIn Northern Mexico, there came to be 8 times as many Americans as there were
oMexico had abolished slavery.
o1845 United States took over Texas.
oThe Treaty of Guadalupe was signed.
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