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Lecture 4

HIST 1F96 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Permanent Settlement, Giovanni Da Verrazzano, Stadacona


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1F96
Professor
Tami Friedman
Lecture
4

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French Invasion
October 8th, 2013
Terms: Giovanni da Verrazano, Stadacona, Hochelaga, Pierre du Guer de Monts
**No one finds an instance reward, like the Spanish did
**British colonies grow in population, French cannot attract people to their
colonies
1. Early Explorations:
-France is behind Spain and England in financing voyages to the New World
-1524, Giovanni da Verrazano leads an expedition across the Atlantic and
explores Eastern seaboard coast – claims it for France (New France)
-Expedition isn’t followed because of war with Spain
2. Voyages of Jacques Cartier:
-1534, Jacques Cartier leads expedition to New World
-Cartier heads up the St. Lawrence thinking it will bring him to the Orient
-Trades with local Micmac Indians (metal knives, kettles and pots for furs)
-1535, Cartier returns and goes further upstream to Stadacona (Quebec City)
and later Hochelaga (Montreal)
-Spends 1536 winter among Natives and then continues looking for gold
Eurocentrism:
-Cartier and his men are Eurocentric in their dealings with Natives:
Refuses to abide by tribal alliances trade with whomever gives the best return
for their goods
Built a tiny fort (no respect for Native land rights)
Believed they needed protection against hostile Indians
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