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Lecture 3

HIST 1F96 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Quetzalcoatl, Dogs In Warfare, Encomienda

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Tami Friedman

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European Invasion
October 1st, 2013
*First contact happens over and over again at different times and different places
1. The Vikings:
-982 AD, Erik the Read inhabits Greenland – expand trade networks, power and
blunder villages
-1014 AD, colony of Vinland founded
-Relations between Vikings and Skrellings (Natives) based on trade (esp. furs) –
soon became violent
-Abandonment of Viking settlement due to hostilities with Natives lead to further
isolation – Natives see them as traitors, don’t want them taking land – it didn’t
last long
2. Columbus and Spanish Invasion:
-Rise of Portugal, prominence from riches in African trade (rise in exploration to
go to the Orient faster)
-Columbus convinces King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella that sailing west will be
faster than the African route (Portuguese had gone south to get to Asia) – trade
would be faster
-Columbus leaves Aug, 3rd, 1492 (thinks he’ll be there in a few weeks), gets there
on Oct. 12th, 1492
-Lands in Caribbean Islands where the Carib and Arawak tribes lived – he called
these dark-skinned people Indians thinking he was in India
Spanish Colony:
-Trade with Natives who offer gold trinkets
-Columbus finds them friendly, but thinks they would make good slaves (fit)
-He returns to Spain and tells of the New World which he claims for the Spanish
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