HIST 1F96 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Praying Town, Solitary Confinement, Puritans
**catholic colonies (spanish and french) put a great emphasis on conversion and protestant colonies (british) rarely do: the spanish mission system: Since columbus" time, spain wanted to bring catholicism to natives. Various missionary groups wanted to teach christianity, language and culture to. Soldiers would force (sometimes at gun point) natives to move into fort-like structures (missions) so the europeans could take the land. Missions employed natives in agriculture and stock raising (catholic church had the most native slaves); unpaid, forced labour was considered slavery by. Natives were subjected to harsh punishment (whipped, placed in stocks. Solitary confinement or locked away to avoid sexual contact) Natives who resisted could lose their rations, be confined, physically punished and rarely, execution. Natives resisted in a variety of ways: rebellions, martyring of priests, running away, working slowly, breaking tools, practicing traditional beliefs, gambling, alcohol, fornication. Introduction of livestock and agriculture changes environment and destroys traditional forces of resistance.