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HIST 1F96 – January 23, 2012 – Lecture 3
Territorial Expansion and indigenous dissent
Expanding territorial boundaries
- For some it was a positive experience that helped people discover who they
are, a sense of national pride, for others the process of territorial expansion was a
devastating experience and in some cases destroyed land and people
- The concept of nation building does not require an independent nation
- These national boundaries are decisions made over a long period of time. They
were often contended, for you were usually expanding into someone else’s
territory. Decisions often resulted in war and from war.
War and Expansion
- Seven Years war: British won war and in 1783 said that there should be no British
settlement on European land. Also Indian land could only be sold to the British
crown. This changed with the American Revolution.
- American Revolution: Iroquois sided with the Amerians because they knew that
they would be able to presser their land. The British lost and gave up the territory
south of their great lakes. Initially, the government followed the British lead, but it
soon went by the wayside with population growth in the US and a send of power
and a desire of people to move further west because of crowding. In 1803 The US
purchased the Louisiana territory from the French.
- War of 1812: The US won, the war was started by British harassment but the war
was pushed forward by British expansionist the wanted Canada and Florida. The
condition of native people was weakened. Tecumseh agreed to comply with the
British for if they won, they would return this area South of the great lakes. The
United States got firm control of that land. There was a lot of immigration to the
United States for farming, going further west with more land. Industrialization was
underway making it harder for people to support themselves, which is why
people went west. Southern states commitment to slavery and its expansion also
helped stimulate US territorial expansion. Slaveholders began to move further
west where there was more territory, this sparked the US-Mexico war.
- US-Mexico War: Its northern section was thinly populated, weren’t a lot of
Mexican settlers there, but there were 10’s of thousands of indigenous people. In
1830 the Mexican government put a halt to slave holder immigration for they had
abolished slavery. The slaves revolted against the Mexican government and
declared them selves as independent nations instead of slaves. There was a lot of
tension developing between the northern free stated and the southern slave
states. US won the war and Mexico gave up in exchange for 15 billion dollars.
Note that there was interest in expanding further beyond these boundaries. As
tension grew between the north and south, Southern slaveholders became
interested in expanding their power into Cuba and central America as a slave
- Civil War: there were US northerners who wondered what they would replace it
with if they lost the South. This war was important because during it, the Federal
government promoted westward expansion in order to strengthen the states.
Land was given to railway developers, mining companies, cattle ranchers, etc.
- By the end of the 7 years war, British controlled upper and lower Canada
(Ontario and Québec) and the Maritimes.
- Most settlement was in the East with a lot of new immigration from Britain. More
then 1,000,000 people came.
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