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Labour Lecture Oct. 19.doc

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Maureen Lux

Labour Studies3 main principles of Taylors scientific Management1 Disassociation off the Labour process from the kills of the workers2Separation of conception from executionSeparating the thinking from the execution3 Use managements acquired monopoly over the knowledge of the work process to control each and every step of the labour process and its mode of execution management to dictate what is to be done how it is to be done and exact time allowed for it to be doneThe example of schmidttime and motion study of pig iron loading at Bethlehem steelreal person real name Henry Nollhe changed his namehe loaded 92 pound iron slabs from the yard onto trainThey used to move 125 tons of steel a dayHenry Noll decided after scientific work that the loaders should be able to move almost 4 times more steel every day 1156 per dayevery 30 secondsManagement Took schmit and instructed him on exactly how to move the steelReal ResultsSchmidt is now paid 185 dollars a day WAS only 115 dollars a dayAbout 60 higher payBut for about 360 more workAlso Bethlehem steel was able to reduce its yard laborers from about 600 men to 140 menand even for unskilled labour diminished control autonomy over work in contextAfter Taylorization Henry Nolls quality of life went in the pitLost his family garden etc Spent premium pay on boozeBut the ultimate expression of Taylors ideas found in organization of work in mass production industries still heavily relient on skilled trades and craftssuch as the autombile industryTaylorismscientific management coupled with new technology and innovation
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