HIST 2P03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Toponymy, Burial, Kingdom Of Essex

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9 Feb 2016
Department
Course
HIST 2P03
Lecture Four
Adventus Saxonum
Narratives
- Gildas mid 6th century
oMercenaries to conquerors
oCon%ict and instability
oNo dates, but…
- Bede early 8th century
oUse of Gildas, but…
oDates and details
449 (Bk. 1, ch. 15)
To mid 6th century
Anglo-Saxon Archaeology
- Settlements
- Burials
oVariation; inhumation and creamation
oGrave goods
oC. 1200 cemeteries known
- Hoards
oSta:ordshire Hoard
- Landscape archaeology
Who and When?
- Angles, Saxons, Jutes
- Frisians and Franks
- ??? Norwegians (completely unremarked in written sources,
and contentious in archaeological records)
- 5th century
- Environmental change and crisis in homelands
- Apart from Bede, few other references
- 429 Saxon forces in Britain
- 441 catastrophic defeat of Britons by Saxons
- By 450s considerable impact
- Archaeology generally corroborates literary evidence, with
debate about earlier end of spectrum.
How?
- Barbarians in the late Roman army
o5th century burials in Britain with military accouterments
and buckles associated with Germanic mercenaries
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