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HLSC 1F90 Lecture Notes - Job Satisfaction, Prognostics, Cardiovascular Disease

Health Sciences
Course Code
Brent Faught

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CHSC 1F90 September 11th & 18th 2012
Promoting Healthy Behavior Changes
Week #1 & 2
Evolution of health throughout the years
- 1800’s: absence of disease
- 1947: physical, mental, social well being
- 2012: occupational, spiritual and emotional
What is Health?
- Health:
Dynamic, multi-dimensional process
Characterized by adaptability to life situations
Concept of adaptability or the ability to successfully cope with life’s ups and downs is a key
element of this definition
- Wellness:
Achieving a high level in each dimension of health
A person attempts to move progressively higher on a continuum of positive health
- Health and wellness are often used interchangeably
- Wellness suggests that we can achieve a higher level of those 7 dimensions
- Health is giving you a measure of what your status is
- With wellness, we can make change to increase overall health
- Today health and wellness are often used interchangeably to refer to the dynamic, ever-changing
process of trying to achieve one’s individual potential in each of the interrelated dimensions
- Dimensions of Health/Wellness:
Physical Health: biological (body size and shape, susceptibility to disease, ability to
perform activities of daily living)
Social Health: capacity for satisfying interpersonal relationships, interacting with others,
communication skills etc…
Mental Health: ability to think clearly, reason objectively, analyze critically, learning from
successes and failures, responsible decisions
Occupational Health: job satisfaction, balance between work and leisure
Emotional Health: feelings and the ability to express emotions, feelings of self-esteem,
self-efficacy, self-confidence, trust, love
Environmental Health: appreciation of the external environment (also students personal
space), Bilophilia: instinctive bond between people and their environment
Spiritual Health: refers to the deepest and innermost part of you, helps you to understand
the world and your role in it, meaning of life
- Creating optimal conditions for successful behavior change through:
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CHSC 1F90 September 11th & 18th 2012
Educational Supports: more education offers more opportunities to be healthier, efforts are
made to promote learning
Organizational Supports: provide programs and services that encourage participation,
(nurses etc…)
Environmental Supports: establish rules governing attitudes and behaviors and supporting
decisions to change (reduce, reuse recycle)
Financial Supports: provide monetary incentives to motivate them toward healthful
decision making (tax benefits of putting kids in sports camps etc...)
- Health promotion enhances the likelihood that, once a person decides to change a behavior,
conditions are optimal for success
- In health promotion, healthy people at risk for disease are identified and efforts are made to
motivate them to improve their health
- Pan- Canadian Healthy Living Strategy:
Supports Canadian health-care system:
Uses a population health approach living and working conditions need to be addressed
to achieve change by individuals
Emphasized goals for 2015:
Physical activity (20% increase in moderate/vigorous PA)
Prevention: The Key to Future Health
- Primary prevention: actions designed to stop problems before they start (getting immunized)
- Secondary prevention: intervention early in the development of a health problem to reduce
symptoms or to halt its progression (attending health education seminars to stop smoking or
modifying diet in response to a blood-cholesterol test)
- Tertiary prevention: treatment or rehabilitation efforts aimed at limiting the effects of the disease
(chemotherapy or radiation therapy)
Most costly and less effective in promoting health than primary and secondary
Government money is primarily allocated for research and tertiary prevention
Sex Differences
- Factors reflecting sex biases in medical research:
Androcentricity: examine research but the results are from a male perspective
Overgeneralization: involved men only but applied results to males and females
Sex insensitivity: research that is done on both men and woman but collapsed both the
results together unaware of the fact that woman and men are different (ex. hormonal
Double standards: diagnostic, prognostics & therapeutics.
Improving Your Health
- Heart disease and cancer continue to be the leading causes of death for both sexes
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