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HLSC 1F90 Lecture Notes - Cognitive Therapy, Cerebrovascular Disease, Tuberculosis

Health Sciences
Course Code
Madeline Law

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Chapter #2: Psychosocial Health
People who are psychosocially healthy share several basic characteristics:
1. Feel good about themselves: not overwhelmed, respect themselves, even
though they realize they are not perfect.
2. Feel comfortable with other people: do not take advantage of others;
nor do they allow others to take advantage of them.
3. Control tension and anxiety: avoid illogical or irrational thoughts,
unnecessary aggression, hostility, excessive excuse making, and blaming
others for their problems.
4. Are able to meet the demands of life: try to solve problems as they rise,
accept responsibility, plan ahead, set realistic goals, acknowledge change.
5. Curb hate and guilt: combat tendencies to respond with hate, anger
thoughtlessness, and selfishness, do not take vengeance, nor do they allow
feelings of inadequacy to build [they do not try to knock others aside to get
ahead but rather reach out to help others--even those they may not be fond
6. Choose a positive outlook: approach each day assuming it will go well.
7. Enrich the lives of others: recognize that there are others whose needs
may be greater than their own, they generally trust others and themselves.
8. Cherish the things that make them smile: make a special place in their
lives for memories of the past, fun is an integral part of their lives.
9. Value diversity: do not fear differences.
10.Appreciate and respect nature: take the time to enjoy their surroundings.

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Mental Health –The Thinking part of you
The rational part of psychological health, the ability to:
−perceive things realistically
−use reasoning in problem solving
−interpret what is happening accurately
−evaluate situations effectively and react appropriately
Sharp declines in rational thinking may indicate poor mental health
Emotional Health: The Feeling You
Subjective side of psychosocial health -interplay between physiological arousal,
feelings, cognitive processes, and behavioural reactions. Ability to:
respond appropriately to upsetting or uplifting events
not let one’s feelings overpower one’s self
Vary greatly by person and situation
Outcomes of poor emotional health include poor social health and academic
Defining Psychosocial Health:
Social Health: Importance of social interactions
Social bonds
Social supports (2)
Prejudices may indicate poor social health
1. complex
2. fear
3. borderline (compassion)
4. benefit/reward
Spiritual health: reflect values (can be pet therapy, or art)
Psychosocial Health: influenced by family and environment
internal influences: contribute to perception of self
Some key definitions
Self efficacy: "practice makes perfect"
<== vary b/c of different
<== linkages and interconnections which
provide support
ability to adapt to social
1. Expressive: emotional
support and
Structural: friend systems,
family systems, hospitals

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Whether or not we can successfully engage in and execute a specific
Self esteem: influences interaction
Our sense of self respect or self worth
Learned helplessness: situational failing specific
An attitude of giving up and not trying because of past failures
Learned optimism
Positive focused behaviour
Factor affecting psychosocial health:
Resiliency and Developmental Assets
Resiliency: traits that protect an individual or community from threat or harm
Assets: positive forces such as financial, emotional, spiritual, and physical assets,
that contribute to resiliency
Traits of psychosocial health:
open to experiences
emotional stability
Mind----Body Connection---Happiness
reduced risk of hypertension
reduced risk of cardio disease
reduced risk of type 2 diabetes
reduced risk of pulmonary disease
smiling causes happiness
happiness is in the brain
some have more effective neurotransmitters
or could be a practiced action.
Studies have shown:
stressed people with a strong sense of humour become less depressed
students who use humour as a coping mechanism report that it predisposes them
to a positive mood
telling a joke
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