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Lecture 1

HLSC 1F90 Lecture 1: Intro to health

Health Sciences
Course Code
Kelli An Lawrence

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What is health?
Absence of disease (where disease is the presence of a pathogen/abnormality in a body part)
Absence of illness (where illness is anxiety, pain or distress usually associated with disease)
Traditional, biomedical definitions
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being rather than solely as absence of
World Health Organization definition (1947)
An ever-changing process of achieving one's potential in physical, social, emotional, mental,
spiritual, and environmental dimensions
Holistic definitions
Mental (intellectual and occupational in txtbk)
Dimensions of Health
What influences health?
The conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age as well as conditions that are
shaped by the distribution of money, power, and resources at global, national and local levels
Social Determinants of Health (WHO)
Income and social status; culture
Education and literacy
Employment and working conditions
Social environments; social support networks
Physical environments; access to health services
Biology and genetic endowment (sex)
Health practices and coping skills; healthy childhood development
Health Canada
Spiritual: the individual's values, beliefs, perceptions of world and all living things; sense of
connectedness, energy
Emotional: complex patterns of feelings; continual experience; joy, anger, fear, grief, surprise,
Social Health: ability to form social bonds; and to use and provide social support in times of
Intellectual Health: ability to perceive and respond to physical and psychosocial environments
in realistic ways, using reasoning
Psychological health: a complex interaction of spiritual, emotional, social and intellectual health
finding your own social support networks
being supportive to others
completing tasks well
Self-esteem and self-efficacy
Making time for yourself
Maintaining physical health
Eating fruits and vegetables
Seeking help when needed
Realistic expectations
Getting the proper amount of sleep
Being happy; experiencing well-being
Understanding the mind-body connection
What influences psychosocial health?
Health Lec 1
8:30 PM
HLSC 1F90 Page 1
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