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Lecture 5

HLSC 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Reinforcement, Cognitive Therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

Health Sciences
Course Code
Lawrance Kelli- An

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Week 5 Lecture Reading Notes:
Chapter 1 pages 16-20 in the textbook
Theory outlines three reasons for how you choose to act:
1. Your attitudes towards the behaviour: think abut pos. or neg.
2. Your level of perceived behavioural control: how much control
you have
3. Your subjective norms: will your actions be approved
- The in!uence of other can serve as a powerful support for
positive behaviour changes.
Shaping: using a series of small steps to reach a particular goal
Imagined rehearsal: practicing a skill or behaviour through mental
Modelling: Learning speci#c behaviours by watching other perform
Situational inducement: attempts to in!uence behaviour by using
situations and occasions structured to exert control over that
Positive reinforcement: presenting something positive following a
behaviour being reinforced.
1. Consumable reinforcement- food
2. Activity reinforcements-opportunity to participate
3. Manipulative reinforcements- incentives
4. Possession reinforcements – tangible rewards
5. Social reinforcements – hugs/praise
Self-talk: or the way you think and talk to your self, also plays a role
in your attempts at behaviour change.
Rational-emotive therapy- Meichenbaum’s self-instructional method,
and blocking or though stopping are examples of self-talk
Rational Emotive Therapy:
- Cognitive therapy or self-directed behaviour change
- Close connection between what you say to yourself and how you
- Action-oriented
- Identify, challenge and replace your self-defeating thoughts and
beliefs into a more positive and healthier thought
Meichenbaum’s Self-Instructional Methods:
- Give self instructions
- Stress inoculation- clients are subjective to extreme stressors in
a lab environment
Blocking or Thought Stopping:
- Block negative thoughts
- Allows for concentration on taking positive steps
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