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Personal Fitness.docx

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Health Sciences
Brent Faught

nd CHSC 1F90 October 2 2012 Personal Fitness Week #4 - Any movement in metabolic state is all considered physical activity - 61% of Canadian population is not physically active - Time is the number one excuse for not being active - Adults: 150 minutes/week of moderate – high physical activity (perspiring, shortness of breath) - Between 5-17: 60 minutes/day of moderate – high physical activity - Hypertension is the medical term for chronic high blood pressure - CFLRI: Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute (2011)  Adults: 15% keep up with recommended physical activity  Kids: 7%  Province inactivity : 64% New Brunswick, 63% NFL, 62% Quebec, 46% Ontario - Elements: 1) Gender: boys/men more active 2) Age: as age increases there is a decrease activity level 3) Education: increase in education, increase in activity 4) Income: increase in income, increase in activity The CSHA Clinical Frailty Scale - One of the strongest predictors of people who choose to be active will be their self esteem 1. Very fit 2. Well 3. Well, with treated comorbid disease 4. Apparently vulnerable 5. Mildly frail 6. Moderately frail 7. Severely frail - 18 years old is when women have a particular time in their life when physical activity is important: moving out, university, social norms surrounding you with PA - Benefits of regular physical activity  Cardio-respiratory fitness  Cancer risk ( breast/colon)  Bone mass ( osteoporosis – PA strongest bone development)  Weight control: 30% exercise, 70% diet  Health and life span ( increased immune response/however rate limited) 4 most important treatment/factor (genetic, age, smoking)  Mental health and stress management 1 nd CHSC 1F90 October 2 2012  Circulatory system is enhanced  Decrease hyper tension  Improved lipid profile (LCL {reduce/fat and creaks plaque} and HDL {enhance breakdown of plaque}) Components of Physical Fitness (ON EXAM, in textbook) - Maximum force = 1RM (1 repetition maximum) Health Cardiorespiratory endurance Ability to sustain moderate-intensity whole-body activity for extended time periods Muscular strength Ability to apply maximum force with a single muscle contraction Muscular endurance Ability to perform muscle contractions repeatedly Flexibility Range of motion in a joint or series of joints Body composition Ratio of fat to total body weight Performance Agility Speed in changing direction or in changing body positions Power Combination of strength and speed Balanc
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