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Promoting Healthy Behavioural Changes.docx

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Health Sciences
Brent Faught

th th CHSC 1F90 September 11 & 18 2012 Promoting Healthy Behavior Changes Week #1 & 2 Evolution of health throughout the years - 1800’s: absence of disease - 1947: physical, mental, social well being - 2012: occupational, spiritual and emotional What is Health? - Health:  Dynamic, multi-dimensional process  Characterized by adaptability to life situations  Concept of adaptability or the ability to successfully cope with life’s ups and downs is a key element of this definition - Wellness:  Achieving a high level in each dimension of health  A person attempts to move progressively higher on a continuum of positive health indicators - Health and wellness are often used interchangeably - Wellness suggests that we can achieve a higher level of those 7 dimensions - Health is giving you a measure of what your status is - With wellness, we can make change to increase overall health - Today health and wellness are often used interchangeably to refer to the dynamic, ever-changing process of trying to achieve one’s individual potential in each of the interrelated dimensions - Dimensions of Health/Wellness:  Physical Health: biological (body size and shape, susceptibility to disease, ability to perform activities of daily living)  Social Health: capacity for satisfying interpersonal relationships, interacting with others, communication skills etc…  Mental Health: ability to think clearly, reason objectively, analyze critically, learning from successes and failures, responsible decisions  Occupational Health: job satisfaction, balance between work and leisure  Emotional Health: feelings and the ability to express emotions, feelings of self-esteem, self-efficacy, self-confidence, trust, love  Environmental Health: appreciation of the external environment (also students personal space), Bilophilia: instinctive bond between people and their environment  Spiritual Health: refers to the deepest and innermost part of you, helps you to understand the world and your role in it, meaning of life - Creating optimal conditions for successful behavior change through: 1 th th CHSC 1F90 September 11 & 18 2012  Educational Supports: more education offers more opportunities to be healthier, efforts are made to promote learning  Organizational Supports: provide programs and services that encourage participation, (nurses etc…)  Environmental Supports: establish rules governing attitudes and behaviors and supporting decisions to change (reduce, reuse recycle)  Financial Supports: provide monetary incentives to motivate them toward healthful decision making (tax benefits of putting kids in sports camps etc...) - Health promotion enhances the likelihood that, once a person decides to change a behavior, conditions are optimal for success - In health promotion, healthy people at risk for disease are identified and efforts are made to motivate them to improve their health - Pan- Canadian Healthy Living Strategy:  Supports Canadian health-care system:  Uses a population health approach – living and working conditions need to be addressed to achieve change by individuals  Emphasized goals for 2015:  Physical activity (20% increase in moderate/vigorous PA) Prevention: The Key to Future Health - Primary prevention: actions designed to stop problems before they start (getting immunized) - Secondary prevention: intervention early in the development of a health problem to reduce symptoms or to halt its progression (attending health education seminars to stop smoking or modifying diet in response to a blood-cholesterol test) - Tertiary prevention: treatment or rehabilitation efforts aimed at limiting the effects of the disease (chemotherapy or radiation therapy)  Most costly and less effective in promoting health than primary and secondary  Government money is primarily allocated for research and tertiary prevention Sex Differences - Factors reflecting sex biases in medical research:  Androcentricity: examine research but the results are from a male perspective  Overgeneralization: involved men only but applied results to males and females  Sex insensitivity: research that is done on both men and woman but collapsed both the results together unaware of the fact that woman and men are different (ex. hormonal fluctuations)  Double standards: diagnostic, prognostics & therapeutics. Improving Your Health - Heart disease and cancer continue to be the leading causes of death for both sexes
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