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Child Birth/ Pregnancy Community Health Science 2013

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Health Sciences
Madeline Law

Child Birth/ Pregnancy **CLICKER QUESTION Infectious disease account for what percentage of the worldwide research? 33% Kosh’s postulates and research work identified that: spontaneous generation does not happen Objectives To identify trends in birth rates and reasons To identify and discuss current topics related to A) Contraception B) Choice of birthing practitioner and location C) Issues of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Rate of Fertility in Developed Nations increases and goes higher and higher and USA has the highest Average of women who gave birth since 1988 25-29 year olds Why people don’t have babies as much, and why are more individuals having babies in their 30’s? Potential reasons Baby boom Women’s liberation Staying in schooling longer Participation in the labour force High costs of child and education Health Promotion around teen pregnancy Individual’s enjoying travel and a different lifestyle Advances in contraception! IS this change in birth rates good or bad? (Why might be some of the outcomes of fewer young people?) Good or bad? Bad… Fewer young people working = less tax paid Fewer young people to care for out larger elderly population Fewer people to create innovations to fuel economic development Good…. Fewer people to compete for jobs Standard of living Food supply Pollution Conception and contraception What is the most effective contraception technique (other than abstinence)? INPLANON All contraception’s techniques provide the same level of STI prevention? FALSE So are we using contraception as we should? Perfect effectiveness rate  The percentage rate of women who will become pregnant with a consistent and correct use  Example 2/100 women will become pregnant with condom use Typical use rate  The percentage of women who will become pregnant with an inconsistent, incorrect use of the contraception  Example – 85/100 will become pregnant with condom use Emergency contraception What are the pros and cons of the plan B?  Take a few minutes to discuss – try to come with 2 pros and 2 cons  Take within 72 hours  Available in Canadian pharmacies without a prescription Pros- no babies, an alternative way if forgotten (LOOK AT TEXTBOOK) Cons, it’s expensive, it doesn’t prevent STI’s (LOOK AT TEXTBOOK) Interesting finds at Brock….. N=271 Use of birth control also time you had virginal intercourse = 142 (103 NA) Last vaginal intercourse – Use of a male condom Yes = 106 no = 33 (total 139) Last vaginal intercourse – use of withdrawal method Yes= In BC researcher reported that: 7% of grade nine respondents with sexual activity and 11% grade 11 responded to sexual activity Teen pregnancy rates 44.9 Per 1000 in 1990 to 28.2 in 2010 Decade of declining teen pregnancy rates have stabilized However, for some regions of Canada, teen pregnancy rates are trending upwards Risk factors –Oman et al 2013  Family communication school connectedness were significantly associated with reduced risk for initiation of sexual intercourses  Assets (e.g. educational aspirations for the future, responsible choices) were significantly associated with increased use of birth control at last sex  10 assets (e.g. family communication, school connectedness) were significantly associated with reduced risk for pregnancy  Positive neighbourhood conditions were significantly associated with increased birth control see but not wit
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