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International education is increasing: virtually all post-secondary institutions have ESL programs
Brock University is home to over 1,000 international students coming from 80 countries.
Teacher as authority – hierarchical cultures
Teacher as guide – egalitarian cultures
Expectations of educational outcome:
Educational success is culturally determined:
Logical patterns, effective evidence and adequate authority
Intuitive vs. empirical knowledge (inductive vs deductive logic)
Nature and pace of negotiations
Meetings, punctuality and exclusivity
Value of contracts
Power structures and agreement
What lets us know that we are successful intercultural communicators?
Intercultural interaction can be:
Muted group theory: individuals who do not belong to the dominant group are… silenced by a lack of
opportunities to express their experiences, perceptions and worldviews.
In other words, their point of view lacks legitimacy in the eyes of the dominant culture and is therefore
Yehuda Amir’s contact hypothesis:
Intercultural success can be predicted by: