LING 1F94 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Syntactic Category, Part Of Speech, Corpus Linguistics
Prescriptive grammar can only be obtained in a classroom setting. Young children have a sense of what sounds right and wrong without schooling, literacy. Language learning when it is explicit is where prescriptive rules come from. Unconscious knowledge is implicit, theoretical linguistics want to figure it out. Some words are ambiguous (have more than one meaning) Only one syntactic category can be used for a single word. Question: if the goal of linguistics is to describe languages, what are the components of this description: all words can be described by syntactic categories (part of speech: noun, verb, adjective, adverb) Red (adj) spiders (n) are often poisonous (adj) Mary (n) suddenly (adv) closed (v) the door (n) John (n) speaks (v) very (adv) quickly (adv) Noun (n) describes a person, place, idea or thing (includes objects, activities, qualities and conditions) If yes, then it"s a noun, unless it"s a name (paris, luck, chair).