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Lecture 4

LING 2P10 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Gerund, Transitive Verb, Ditransitive Verb


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 2P10
Professor
John Sivell
Lecture
4

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

 ! 
"#! #
 "$
" %#"
 &"%'

 (
 )*+,-*,+.
A) %/
###0## #
%
("##1  #%#
 #
 1
  #%"

 %" #2%#$
 
2%#"  %
-3Semantic clues
 %#%#1 456.7-8
#%#1%4)*+.*/29 %&%8"##
 ##  :"##: %
" #1"&! %'
Morphological clues
5 %4#8;( <!!
 <'
= %4#8 %# #
##
(##= 
> Structural clues
 4(8;!#
#1
%? !": 1
B)7.(
# (" 
 

  &%/
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 auxiliary###
  2(@)is
%%
#@
Primary Auxiliary verbs3#!! 
(!##%#" # 
%#%%
(#%#/#
#" 
Do
as an auxiliary verb

( $ %# 
(

  !##%#
$?%
A#  #=%B
"##
(!#=#4
##8
"##


#
(!#=
#!
Auxiliary rule for questions and negatives
 32("##C0?$%"#
(
4!# 8
 #%C0"(
C)*?
Transitive verbs#
@" 5D
@- 
 E@F "# 1

Intransitive verbs#" 5D! 

#"" ## 

Direct object of a transitive verb
#1  &%AG.*AGD
$
Noun phrase as direct object of a transitive verb
D1"H"#BI &@
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