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Charlemagne and Feudalism; the Vikings LEC 5

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Brock University
Medieval and Renaissance Studies
Andre Basson

1MARS 1F90 Lecture 5 Lecture Outline Charlemagne and Feudalism the VikingsWe will start this weeks lecture with the rise of Islam before going on to Charlemagne feudalism and the VikingsMake sure you know the unfamiliar names terms and dates that are highlighted1 Charlemagne a The stained glass windows of Chartres Cathedral the rose window depicts scenes from the history or the life of CharlemagneRolanda noble knight Charlemagne went ahead and left Roland by himself with a small force they ended up being ambushed he dies bravely and becomes the legend of Rolandan icon for knights who die valiantlyi Roland and the military force into northwestern Spain ii Roland is killed in a Basque ambush iii His courageous last stand depicted in the Charlemagne Window and the Song of Roland iv Roland gave rise to the 2 great works of art coming out of the early middle ages the Charlemagne window and the song of Rolandb Charlemagnes grandfather Charles MartelCharles the Hammer not a king had a position in the Merovingian court a figure in the Frankish court His son Pepin III brought an end to the Merovingian dynasty And then started the Carolingian dynastyfrom Charles Martels name c Pepin III deposes the last Merovingian king and establishes the Carolingian dynasty d Pepin dies 768 CE and is succeeded by Charles the Great or Charlemagne his son e Charlemagne is crowned Emperor on Christmas Day 800 CE Charlemagne was in Rome the pope crowns him emperor Byzantine emperors unhappy the pope crowns the most important political figure in Europe The popes bosshas the right to bestow the highest political title on someone which causes a stress with the papacy f His motto is Revival of the Roman Empire tried to restore the culture of ancient Rome saw his reign as a continuation of the old Roman Empire i A continuation of the old Roman Empire ii But with a Christian flavour g The importance of Charlemagne being crowned by the pope h Charlemagnes most enduring legacy Aachen was his capital Charlemagne had his cultural centre there and attracted scholars had a palace school attached to the palace many other schools developed they were unique being attached to thea monastery or a cathedral he wanted the people in his court to be able to read and write well Wanted the Clergy to be able to read Latin and be educated also the aristocracy to be educated as well since they would be his court officials i His cultural revival the socalled Carolingian Renaissance ii Men of learning come to Aachen Fr AixlaChapelle iii The Palace School iv Alcuin of York medieval scholar and came from England he was attracted to the palace Became known as the Carolingian renaissance a rediscovery of the thought and writings of the ancient world copying religious texts ex bible and writing commentaries
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