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From Giotto to Michelangelo LEC 6

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Medieval and Renaissance Studies
Andre Basson

1 MARS 1F90 Lecture 6 Outline From Giotto to Michelangelo 1. Introduction a. The intellectual and cultural life of Florence in the Renaissance --> When western art experienced its greatest most b. The city’s contribution to the fine arts c. The Renaissance as one of the greatest periods in the history of western art d. Leonardo’s Mona Lisa (Most famous) e. The radical change between Giotto and Michelangelo f. Renaissance art compared to medieval art (medieval art was unrealistic and highly symbolic; Renaissance art created the illusion of being realistic, and the changed occurred in Florence beginning with Giotto) g. Three major periods of Renaissance art (according to Vasari) [3 periods in the Renaissancethrt] i. 14 cent. (Giotto) [1st period] ii. 15 cent. or quattrocento (Masaccio and Donatello)[2nd period] iii. 15 and 16 cent. or cinquecento (Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo) [the golden age of renaissance art, the 3rd period] 2. Factors that shaped the change in Renaissance art a. The Church and Christianity [in the medieval period, you had to have a patron (someone who paid for the work of art) = the church. Therefore only religious things were painted.] b. Art and the Church in the Renaissance [ the church begins to lose its control; wealthy merchants arise. The merchants spend their money on commissions for art, therefore there's more freedom for the artists to paint (begin experimenting)] c. The new patrons of art [they gave topics that interested them (personal enjoyment- still mainly religious topics) resulted in more freedom = more individualism = new artistic techniques)] i. The subjects of art in the Renaissance [some secular but mostly religious, an actual increase, from the 100 years war] ii. Freedom and originality; individualism; new artistic techniques iii. Religion and the Bible iv. An increase in religious fervour 3. The style of Renaissance art (general comments) a. Aims to stir the emotions of the viewer [and to stir the viewers emotions into a spiritual experience] 2 b. The use of colour, line, and shape [to raw out certain aspects of the painting to invoke the most profound religious experience] ex: architecture = the church focuses the sight on the altar. [called a vanish
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