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Lecture 1

PHIL 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Compatibilism, Hard Determinism, Indeterminism

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Richard Brown

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Free will and determinism
Part 2 of the libertarian position
To understand this position, we need to understand that ought implies can
Should I or should I not pay this months rent. Because it is nice and morally right
thing to do I choose to pay the rent but turns out I have no money in my bank. I
really have no choice in this matter therefore I have no free choice
Imagine after class your favourite Celebrity kidnaps you, and you are on the other
end of their bed in their hotel room. Then asked by them if you want to spend
your night with them or not, and you choose to stay the night and realize the door
has been locked either way the next morning. Was your decision to stay the night
your decision freely and was a free action on your side?
oAccording to john Locke it was not because the door was locked, and your
decision to stay over night was not a free decision at all.
Libertarianism has two parts:
Your act is free if it is not caused
Your must be capable of doing otherwise (must have a genuine choice)
Hard = Strict causality.
If X, then Y will follow by necessity.
Example, if I let go of a glass it’ll cause it to drop and break (cause and effect).
Causality is hard when given x and there is NO alternative for Y to follow. It cannot do
otherwise and has no choice otherwise. For example the glass cannot go side to side or
hover, it has to go down.
Most causality is our day-to-day life is predictive causality.
Because smoking does not guarantee that you will get cancer but you MAY.
The indeterminist says that if Y doesn’t always follow X then it could do
What gives us Freedom?
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