PHIL 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Aporia
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Early dialogues have five parts
1. The setting
•“I’m Euthyphro and I know it all”
i. Takes his father to court to get justice
2. First attempt at a definition
•Euthyphro gives Socrates as an example
“So explain to me what this standard itself is… so that when I observe it and use it as a
mean of compression whether the actions are like it, whether they are yours or not are
holy or not. “ So he can use it as a comparison to measure how holy they are
3. First attempt at an essential definition
•Holiness is what is “divinely approved.” (What is accepted by god and has
been given the rubber stamp of god)
•“Holy” means to have the unanimous approval of the gods. So there can
be no dispute to what actually is holy.
•Is it holy because they approve of it or do they approve because it’s
Is something right because the gods say so?
Do the gods say something is right because it is right?
Can you be a good person and not believe in god? And they said that you MUST
believe in god to be good
He is still looking for one “special feature” which attaches to all things holy (true
4. Second attempt to an essential definition
•Socrates wants a true definition
•He also says that everything that is holy is just, and that everything that is
holy and just is inseparable.
•Holy = justice
oIs everything that is holy also just?
oIs everything just also holy?
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