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3(28) Specism/ Singer/ Kant
Just because you give animals name- didn't mean anthropomorphizing or projecting human
characteristics on them
Means recognize them as individuals, beings who had life and even distinct personalities
Didn’t mean we didn't recognize their instrumental value. Every animal had a purpose- human
purpose. Ex. cows=milk, horse= work, cat= keep mice away
Factory farms, the animals have no personalities, they have solely instrumental value.
Sows confined to one spot, one position. Leave their pen only for breeding, farrowing and the
Piglets treated also same, have tails cut off, teeth pulled without anesthesia. Forced to crawl
over each other because crowded together
Animals have no quality of life while they are alive
Factory farms only way to survive in business of agriculture, consumer demand low prices, farmed
not compensated adequately, hog produces going broke, no matter how efficient they are
Is a prejudice or attitude of bias in favor of the interests of members of ones own species and
against those of members of other species
Believe treat animals on factory farms, circuses, rodeos direct result
No moral difference with racism and sexism
Violate principle of equality
Singer claims there are no significant reasons why animals should not be given equal
moral consideration as humans- should be full members of the moral community
Ask: why are racism and sexism wrong?
When we say all humans are equal, what do we really mean?
We know there are many difference between humans
Equality doesn't depend on the actual equality of humans
No difference between the races and sexes, etc.
By looking at person- cannot infer anything about intellect or morals
Some say this is why sexism and racism are wrong
What equality is
Singer claims equality is a moral idea which doesn't depends on scientific proof
Prinicple of equality of human beings not a description of an alleged actual equality among
humans: It is a prescription of how we should treat human beings
Singer says: apply principle of equality to nonhuman animals means have to consider their interests
Concern for well-being of animal
Equality- what is means