Class Notes (839,081)
Canada (511,183)
Brock University (12,137)
Philosophy (259)
PHIL 1F94 (23)
Lecture

philosophy lecture 2

3 Pages
108 Views

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 1F94
Professor
Brian Lightbody

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
Lecture2: PhilosophicalMethodology Tuesday,October 04, 2011 4:49PM - Sofar weknowthat philosophers tryto solvewhat Rauhutcalls ‘open questions.’ - Suchquestions areopenbecauseit is difficultto determinewhat an irrefutableanswerwouldlooklike. - Second,weknowthat philosophersinvestigate suchquestionsvia conceptualanalysis. Philosophersasdetectives - Wenowwantto knowif thereis amethodologythat philosophers useto answersuchquestions.Accordingto Rauhut,thereis indeeda methodology,whichconsists offourelements. 1. Clarification; 2. Hypothesize 3. Test 4. Judge 1. Clarification - Whenwespeakaboutclarification inphilosophy,wearespeakingabout conceptualanalysis.Inother words,wewantto knowwhatthe terms, definitionsandconceptsapersonis usingin anargumentandhow they arebeingused. - Example“Onthe moralandlegal status of abortion.”ByMaryAnne Warren(1973) - “Thefetusis notapersonandhencenotthe sortof entity to whichit is propertoascribefullmoral rights.” - Onlyapersoncan havemoralrights anda fetusevenif it is ahuman beingdoes notpossess those moralrights. - Justwhatmakesa personaperson? 1. Consciousness(ofobjects andeventsexternal and/orinternal to the being)andin particularthe capacity to feel pain. 2. Reasoning(thedevelopedcapacityto solvenewandrelatively complexproblems) 3. Self-motivatedactivity (activity which is relatively independentof either geneticor directexternal control.) 4. Thecapacity to communicate,by whatevermeans,messages ofan indefinitevarietyoftypes,that is, notjustwithan indefinitenumber ofpossiblecontents,buton indefinitelymanypossibletopics. 5. Thepresenceofself-concepts, andself-awareness,either individual orracial or both. orracial or both. -Anyentity,whichdoesnotfulfillat least oneof these conditions,is nota person. 2. Hypothesizing - Whenascientist conductsan experimentheor she doesso in orderto proveordisproveahypothesis. Inthe sameway,whenCLAIRIFYINGa conceptthephilosopher will create anhypothesis andthen TEST this hypothesisin animaginarysituation. Akrasia -Phenomenology Resolution -Contraryinclination -Defeatingintention Example,examinethefollowinghypothesis: ‘ Themindis nothingmorethan thebrain.’ - Wemightstart bycalcifyingwhat this statement means.Let ussay weput forwardastrongphysical reductionisthypothesis: “Wherethereis a mindthereis a working,humanbrain,andwherethereis noworking, humanbrainthereis no mind.” - Noticethat theremaybe other hypotheses explainingwhatthe mindm
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit