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Lecture 4

Monday January 28 lart week 4.docx

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Linda Steer

Monday January 28, 2013 Lart Lecture Week 5: th Early 19 Century art in France: Last week: Picture 1: - classical story - very clear foreground, middle ground and background - has technical mastering (clean, don’t see a lot of brush strokes, realistic) - tells a story (narrative) Salon refuse: Painting 2: - another controversial panting by Manet, naked woman Painting 3: - birth of Venus, nude woman - almost verging on pornography Painting 4: - Manet is always refuring to a classical past This Week: Painting 5: The Cornation of Napoleon and Josephine - after revolution Napoleon was the empire till 1814 - people tried to restore the monarch - Louis the 18 came back to france (ruled till 1824) - Charles the 3rd till 1830 - The july revolution forced Charles out of the thrown - People who were trying to restore the moarch and praised the mormans, a lot of people used art as propaganda - Used art to celebrate - The academe was abolished in 1793 because it was the royal academy o Then it was taken over by David  He had alliances in the revolution o Tried to reinstate it through commune th o Louis the 18 reinstates it in 1816 o No women were in the academy o Most of the members were middle aged or older, very few younger people o If you were in the academy you had to be appointed by someone o The Ecole was very influential, and was all controlled by the academy o The salon had continued under Napoleon, bi-annually o Most people were very influenced by JLD o Many of the large paintings shown in the salon were commissioned  People paid money to have people paint for them Painting 6: - Charles X Disturbing the Salon of 1824 Awards Heim - Salon was a huge place - High ceiling - Shows size of paintings and how many of there were - Trying to show role of royalty - Has propaganda element - Very few small canvas Painting 7: - propaganda of Napoleon - showed him as a war hero - was very large Painting 8: Classism - not a style of art - typically traditional art that follows traditional rules - often tension between tradition and innovation (tries to cause change) - clean lines - clear color - traditional subject matter - easy to see - rational way to see - colors are fairly muted - illusion of the perspective - traditional subject matter - continued through the 19 century - very appreciated by the academy - conservative and unorthodox - very beautiful style - huge and stunning - has enlightenment values - connection between art and philosophy - connected to the revolution in france - connected Greco roman past - want to see france as ancient rome and Greece - democratic values connected to style - looks a certain way people see certain ideas - style never connects in a vacuum - Jean- Auguste was a student of david o Was well respected painter o Continued classical style o Went to rome for 4 years learned about proportion, ideals of beauty o Submitted 3 small paintings to the salon in 1814 o In 1819 he submitted 3 other paintings including this one o Another female nude o Called a displayed nude o A little controversial o Not for public consumption, generally meant for peoples homes o Has a history and tradition o Wealthy people had large collections of art o This was before museums were created  People would invited others to come into their home to see paintings o Only semi difficult to look at o This painting shows a woman in a harem o Was socially acceptable because she is a so-called exotic other (she was not a French woman) o Was much more accepting then Manet o Woman is not as confrontational o Woman of fantasy o Because she is not French she is able to stand outside of the rules and have her body painted o There is a double standards because it is okay to show woman who do not come from France o Shows an idealization from reality o Departs from reality o Idealizes the models body  Includes extra vertebra to make her longer  Very very soft, no bones underneath her skin  Idealization of form was upsetting to people  Orientalism, turns real people into objects  View of the east from 19 century French eyes, us vs them  Understanding what it means to be French means to be not like her  Also about identity  Its not a style it’s a tendency that we see in art  Reinforcing the status quo, romanticism is trying to reinforce it Painting 9: Romanticism is a form of Avant guard art - art that is breaking the rules but at the forefront (first people in there) - art that is moving ahead and trying to break rules of classicism - these artist did not call themselves avant guard o not just in france Wednesday January 30, 2013 Imperialism: - roman imperialism - American imperialism - Development of an empire - France was trying to join with countries or take over countries to gain power - Napoleon invade Egypt in 1794 and invaded Ceria o Was not successful in taking over Egypt - Its about creating power and influence all over the world - Values in terms of economics and culture (McDonalds) - America is sliding as an empire - China is taking up the economic power of the world - Can also be an infiltration - France in the 19h century, France was the America of the 19 century th (imposing their ideas on people) Orientalism: - tricky word - think about it as the near east (
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